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The plant hormone auxin transcriptionally activates early genes. We have isolated a 14-member family of DNA sequences complementary to indoleacetic acid (IAA)-inducible transcripts in Arabidopsis thaliana. The corresponding genes, IAA1 to IAA14, are homologs of PS-IAA4/5 and PS-IAA6 from pea, Aux22 and Aux28 from soybean, ARG3 and ARG4 from mungbean, and(More)
Glucosinolates and their associated degradation products have long been recognized for their distinctive benefits to human nutrition and plant defense. Because most of the structural genes of glucosinolate metabolism have been identified and functionally characterized in Arabidopsis thaliana, current research increasingly focuses on questions related to the(More)
When inorganic phosphate is limiting, Arabidopsis has the facultative ability to metabolize exogenous nucleic acid substrates, which we utilized previously to identify insensitive phosphate starvation response mutants in a conditional genetic screen. In this study, we examined the effect of the phosphate analog, phosphite (Phi), on molecular and(More)
The plant hormone, indoleacetic acid (IAA), transcriptionally activates two early genes in pea, PS-IAA4/5 and PS-IAA6 that encode short-lived nuclear proteins. The identification of the nuclear localization signals (NLS) in PS-IAA4 and PS-IAA6 using progressive deletion analysis and site-directed mutagenesis is reported. A C-terminal SV40-type NLS is(More)
Genomic sequences encoding five divergent 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) synthase polypeptides (ACC1, ACC2, ACC3, ACC4, and ACC5) have been isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana by using heterologous cDNAs and PCR fragments amplified from genomic DNA with degenerate oligonucleotide primers. Each gene is located on a different chromosome in the(More)
Plants have evolved complex strategies to maintain phosphate (Pi) homeostasis and to maximize Pi acquisition when the macronutrient is limiting. Adjustment of root system architecture via changes in meristem initiation and activity is integral to the acclimation process. However, the mechanisms that monitor external Pi status and interpret the nutritional(More)
BACKGROUND Calcium signaling plays a prominent role in plants for coordinating a wide range of developmental processes and responses to environmental cues. Stimulus-specific generation of intracellular calcium transients, decoding of calcium signatures, and transformation of the signal into cellular responses are integral modules of the transduction(More)
Plants have evolved elaborate metabolic and developmental adaptations to low phosphorus availability. Biochemical responses to phosphate limitation include increased production and secretion of phosphate-acquisition proteins such as nucleases, acid phosphatases, and high-affinity phosphate transporters. However, the signal transduction pathways that sense(More)
An improved protocol is reported to isolate and transiently transform mesophyll protoplasts of Arabidopsis thaliana. Transfected leaf protoplasts support high levels of expression of the bacterial reporter gene coding for beta-glucuronidase (GUS), under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S promoter. Transient expression of GUS activity was(More)