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The expression of MUC1 and MUC2 mucin peptide core antigens in gastric carcinomas was studied by immunohistochemistry to determine correlations with TNM stage and histo-pathological classifications as well as a possible prognostic impact. Paraffin-embedded specimens from 128 gastric carcinomas with a minimal follow-up of 5 years were immunostained. In(More)
The binding of C9 at 0 and 37 degrees C to viable Escherichia coli K-12 cells carrying C5b-8 complexes was quantified. At low temperature, limited average binding of only 1 to 1.4 molecules of C9 per C8 molecule occurred, whereas 6 to 8 C9 molecules were bound per C8 molecule at 37 degrees C. Despite incorporation of C9 into C5b-9 complexes at 0 degrees C,(More)
The Thomsen-Friedenreich (TF) antigen is a well-known human pan-carcinoma antigen. It represents a carbohydrate core disaccharide (Gal beta 1-3GalNAc) which is predominantly bound to mucin peptide cores. Its immunoreactivity depends on changes in glycosylation which lead to a reduction in the carbohydrate chain length and the exposure of core carbohydrates.(More)
Galectin-3 represents an endogenous galactoside-binding lectin which may be involved in tumor cell adhesion and proliferation. In order to evaluate its biological significance in human gastric cancer, we investigated its expression in the stomach of a large series of patients (n = 193) by immunohistochemical staining with the monoclonal antibody Mac-2.(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases are determining factors of the cell cycle. In the present study, we investigated the role of p21 and p53 in the biology of gastric cancer, focusing on its influence on progression and prognosis (n = 195). METHODS P21 and p53 immunoreactivity was analysed immunohistochemically, applying monoclonal antibodies.(More)
The mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase complex (complex I) consists of several functional domains which independently arose during evolution. In higher plants, it contains an additional domain which includes proteins resembling gamma-type carbonic anhydrases. The Arabidopsis genome codes for five complex I-integrated gamma-type carbonic anhydrases (γCA1,(More)
The mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase complex (complex I) is of particular importance for the respiratory chain in mitochondria. It is the major electron entry site for the mitochondrial electron transport chain (mETC) and therefore of great significance for mitochondrial ATP generation. We recently described an Arabidopsis thaliana double-mutant lacking the(More)
Complex I of the mitochondrial electron transport chain (mETC) in plants contains an extra domain that is made up from proteins homologous to prokaryotic gamma-carbonic anhydrases (γCA). This domain has been suggested to participate in complex I assembly or to support transport of mitochondrial CO2 to the chloroplast. Here, we generated mutants lacking CA1(More)
"Gamma-type carbonic anhydrase-like" (CAL) proteins form part of complex I in plants. Together with "gamma carbonic anhydrase" (CA) proteins they form an extra domain which is attached to the membrane arm of complex I on its matrix exposed side. In Arabidopsis two CAL and three CA proteins are present, termed CAL1, CAL2, CA1, CA2 and CA3. It has been(More)