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In this paper we show how a local inhomogeneous input can stabilize a stationary-pulse solution in an excitatory neural network. A subsequent reduction of the input amplitude can then induce a Hopf instability of the stationary solution resulting in the formation of a breather. The breather can itself undergo a secondary instability leading to the periodic… (More)

In this Letter we show how nontrivial forms of spatially localized oscillations or breathers can occur in two-dimensional excitable neural media with short-range excitation and long-range inhibition. The basic dynamical mechanism involves a Hopf bifurcation of a stationary pulse solution in the presence of a spatially localized input. Such an input could… (More)

We analyze the existence and stability of stimulus-locked traveling waves in a one-dimensional synaptically coupled excitatory neural network. The network is modeled in terms of a nonlocal integro-differential equation, in which the integral kernel represents the spatial distribution of synaptic weights, and the output firing rate of a neuron is taken to be… (More)

In this Letter we show that an inhomogeneous input can induce wave propagation failure in an excitatory neural network due to the pinning of a stationary front or pulse solution. A subsequent reduction in the strength of the input can lead to a Hopf instability of the stationary solution resulting in breatherlike oscillatory waves.

We show how a one-dimensional excitatory neural network can exhibit a symmetry breaking front bifurcation analogous to that found in reaction diffusion systems. This occurs in a homogeneous network when a stationary front undergoes a pitchfork bifurcation leading to bidi-rectional wave propagation. We analyze the dynamics in a neighborhood of the front… (More)

We use averaging and homogenization theory to study the propagation of traveling pulses in an inhomogeneous excitable neural network. The network is modeled in terms of a nonlocal integro-differential equation, in which the integral kernel represents the spatial distribution of synaptic weights. We show how a spatially periodic modulation of homogeneous… (More)

In this Letter, we study stationary bump solutions in a pair of interacting excitatory-inhibitory (E-I) neural fields in one dimension. We demonstrate the existence of localized bump solutions of persistent activity that can be maintained by the pair of interacting layers when a stationary bump is not supported by either layer in isolation--a scenario which… (More)

Neurons in the visual cortex exhibit heterogeneity in feature selectivity and the tendency to generate action potentials synchronously with other nearby neurons. By examining visual responses from cat area 17 we found that, during gamma oscillations, there was a positive correlation between each unit's sharpness of orientation tuning, strength of… (More)