Stefano Zoccolella

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BACKGROUND To date there are no biomarkers with proven reliability as a measure of disease burden in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The aim of our study is to assess the neurofilament light chain (NFL) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples as a measure of disease activity and progression in ALS. METHODS Thirty-seven consecutive patients with ALS, 25(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure survivorship and predictors of prognosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS Incident cases, diagnosed in the 1998-1999 period and classified according to the El Escorial criteria, were enrolled from a prospective population based registry established in Puglia, Southern Italy, with a reference population of 4,025,329.(More)
BACKGROUND Investigations into prognostic factors in progressive supranuclear palsy have shown conflicting results. We performed a retrospective study in order to identify clinical predictors of survival in clinically diagnosed progressive supranuclear palsy patients referred to our centre. METHODS Data on medical history, survival and five clinical(More)
BACKGROUND While the incidence of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is similar across the world (range, 1.0 to 2.5/100,000), a latitude gradient from north to south has been observed. OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of ALS in Puglia, a region of south eastern Italy, and to test the latitude gradient hypothesis comparing the present study with(More)
Elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations have been reported in L-dopa treated Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, suggesting that L-dopa treatment is an acquired cause of hyperhomocysteinemia. Aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of different antiparkinsonian drugs on Hcy concentrations. We compared Hcy, B(12) and folate levels in 45 PD(More)
Abstract Effective treatments for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have remained elusive. Only riluzole, a drug thought to affect glutamate metabolism, improves survival albeit to modest extent. Explanations for the negative results of therapeutic trials include a likely heterogeneity, both in disease susceptibility and pathogenic mechanisms, and faulty(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Published reports on the association between amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and trauma are controversial suggesting the need for a new case-control study done in a large population. METHODS A case-control study was undertaken in Italy to assess this association. Cases were patients with newly diagnosed ALS from four(More)
Urate is a natural antioxidant, and high serum urate levels could be protective against the development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). To determine if serum urate concentrations were lower in ALS patients than in healthy controls, we compared serum urate levels in 132 ALS patients and 337 age/sex-matched controls. Median urate levels were lower in(More)
BACKGROUND Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a relatively rare neurodegenerative disorder of both upper and lower motoneurons. Currently, the management of ALS is essentially symptoms-based, and riluzole, an antiglutamatergic agent, is the only drug for the treatment of ALS approved by the food and drug administration. OBJECTIVE We reviewed current(More)
Fingolimod is the first oral disease-modifying therapy approved for multiple sclerosis (MS). The risks associated with the use of fingolimod include cardiovascular adverse events (AEs). First-dose observation (FDO) is required for all patients for at least 6 hours. We describe FDO data and long-term cardiac tolerability in a cohort of fingolimod-treated(More)