Zoe Budrikis7
Caterina A M La Porta4
Zsolt Bertalan4
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The identification of cancer stem cells in vivo and in vitro relies on specific surface markers that should allow to sort cancer cells in phenotypically distinct subpopulations. Experiments report that sorted cancer cell populations after some time tend to express again all the original markers, leading to the hypothesis of phenotypic switching, according(More)
Tumors are defined by their intense proliferation, but sometimes cancer cells turn senescent and stop replicating. In the stochastic cancer model in which all cells are tumorigenic, senescence is seen as the result of random mutations, suggesting that it could represent a barrier to tumor growth. In the hierarchical cancer model a subset of the cells, the(More)
The intermittent transition between slow growth and rapid shrinkage in polymeric assemblies is termed "dynamic instability", a feature observed in a variety of biochemically distinct assemblies including microtubules, actin, and their bacterial analogs. The existence of this labile phase of a polymer has many functional consequences in cytoskeletal(More)
We study the statistical properties of melanoma cells colonies grown in vitro analyzing the results of crystal violet assays at different concentrations of initial plated cells and for different growth times. The distributions of colony sizes is well described by a continuous time branching process. To characterize the shape fluctuations of the colonies, we(More)
We present a unified theory of fracture in disordered brittle media that reconciles apparently conflicting results reported in the literature. Our renormalization group based approach yields a phase diagram in which the percolation fixed point, expected for infinite disorder, is unstable for finite disorder and flows to a zero-disorder nucleation-type fixed(More)
  • Caterina A M La Porta, Anna Ghilardi, Maria Pasini, Lasse Laurson, Mikko J Alava, Stefano Zapperi +1 other
  • 2015
Understanding the role of microenvironment in cancer growth and metastasis is a key issue for cancer research. Here, we study the effect of osmotic pressure on the functional properties of primary and metastatic melanoma cell lines. In particular, we experimentally quantify individual cell motility and transmigration capability. We then perform a circular(More)
Melanocytic nevi are benign proliferations that sometimes turn into malignant melanoma in a way that is still unclear from the biochemical and genetic point of view. Diagnostic and prognostic tools are then mostly based on dermoscopic examination and morphological analysis of histological tissues. To investigate the role of mechanics and geometry in the(More)
Regulating the stability of microtubule (MT)-kinetochore attachments is fundamental to avoiding mitotic errors and ensuring proper chromosome segregation during cell division. Although biochemical factors involved in this process have been identified, their mechanics still need to be better understood. Here we introduce and simulate a mechanical model of(More)
It has been known for centuries that a body in contact with a substrate will start to slide when the lateral force exceeds the static friction force. Yet the microscopic mechanisms ruling the crossover from static to dynamic friction are still the object of active research. Here, we analyze the onset of slip of a xenon (Xe) monolayer sliding on a copper(More)
Graphene deposited over a trench has been studied in the context of nanomechanical resonators, where experiments indicate adhesion of the graphene sheet to the trench boundary and sidewalls leads to self-tensioning; however, this adhesion is not well understood. We use molecular dynamics to simulate graphene deposited on a trench and study how adhesion to(More)