Stefano Zaffagnini

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BACKGROUND The hip joint center is a fundamental landmark in the identification of lower limb mechanical axis; errors in its location lead to substantial inaccuracies both in joint reconstruction and in gait analysis. Actually in Computer Aided Surgery functional non-invasive procedures have been tested in identifying this landmark, but an anatomical(More)
The goal of this work was to develop computer simulations for intraoperative testing of the passive kinematics of knee prostheses. These are based on an anatomic model of the reconstructed joint, represented in the sagittal plane. A femoral component and a tibial component are linked by 3 springs that model the relevant ligaments, with the posterior(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to investigate about the reliability of measuring antero-posterior laxity within-subjects for in-vivo studies using a navigation system. METHODS The analysis was performed by enroling 60 patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament ACL reconstruction, and assessing AP laxity during the Lachman and drawer tests.(More)
An understanding of the orientation of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) fibres can contribute to current knowledge of PCL biomechanics and potentially improve the effectiveness of PCL surgical reconstruction. In this paper, the orientation of PCL fibres with respect to the tibia and femur was analysed by means of a new computer method. The antero-lateral(More)
This paper describes the features of KIN-nav, a navigation system specifically dedicated to intra-operative evaluation of knee laxity, and assesses the reliability of the system during surgery. The acquisition protocol for its intra-operative use, the original user interface, and the computational methods for elaboration of kinematic data are described in(More)
No quantitative data are reported in the literature regarding the orientation of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) fibers during passive range of motion. In this study we performed an original qualitative and quantitative analysis in eight cadaver knees, examining ACL elongation and 3D orientation. Computer elaboration of anatomical and kinematic data(More)
PURPOSE The goal of this study was to compare the kinematics of knees before and after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) that relies on an inter-condylar 'third condyle'. The hypothesis was that the 'third condyle' provides sufficient flexion stability and induces a close to normal femoral rollback, thus granting natural joint kinematics. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND This paper reports an in-vitro study for evaluating the influence of the femoral tunnel orientation in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) double-bundle reconstructions. METHODS This work describes the experimental protocol and results obtained for six cadaver knees using the FlashPoint optical system (Image Guided, Boulder, Colorado, USA) and a(More)