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The principal neurons of the striatum, GABAergic medium spiny neurons (MSNs), are interconnected by local recurrent axon collateral synapses. Although critical to many striatal models, it is not clear whether these connections are random or whether they preferentially link functionally related groups of MSNs. To address this issue, dual whole patch-clamp(More)
  • Massimiliano Caiazzo, Maria Teresa Dell'Anno, Elena Dvoretskova, Dejan Lazarevic, Stefano Taverna, Damiana Leo +11 others
  • 2011
Transplantation of dopaminergic neurons can potentially improve the clinical outcome of Parkinson's disease, a neurological disorder resulting from degeneration of mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons. In particular, transplantation of embryonic-stem-cell-derived dopaminergic neurons has been shown to be efficient in restoring motor symptoms in conditions of(More)
Dual whole cell patch-clamp recordings in rat nucleus accumbens, the main component of the ventral striatum, were made to assess the presence of synaptic interconnections between medium-sized spiny neurons, a group of GABAergic and peptidergic neurons that constitute the principal cells of the striatum. Neurons were stained with biocytin for subsequent(More)
In vitro patch-clamp recordings were made to study the membrane properties and synaptic connectivity of fast-spiking interneurons in rat ventral striatum. Using a whole-cell configuration in acutely prepared slices, fast-spiking interneurons were recognized based on their firing properties and their morphological phenotype was confirmed by(More)
One of the current hypotheses on dopamine in the physiology of motivation posits that this neurotransmitter regulates filtering and selection of inputs to the nucleus accumbens. The effects of dopamine (100 microM) and the D1-receptor agonist SKF 38393 (20-50 microM) on GABAergic synaptic transmission between pairs of principal cells of rat nucleus(More)
Brain-machine interfaces (BMI) were born to control "actions from thoughts" in order to recover motor capability of patients with impaired functional connectivity between the central and peripheral nervous system. The final goal of our studies is the development of a new proof-of-concept BMI-a neuromorphic chip for brain repair-to reproduce the functional(More)
Among the electrophysiological properties differentiating stratum oriens horizontal interneurons from pyramidal neurons of the CA1 hippocampal subfield are the more depolarized resting potential and the higher input resistance; additionally, these interneurons are also less sensitive to ischemic damage than pyramidal cells. A differential expression of(More)
Whole cell patch clamp recordings from rat nucleus accumbens neurons were made in order to study the effect of metabotropic glutamate receptors and dopamine on postsynaptic glutamate receptor mediated currents. AMPA- and NMDA-R currents were evoked by flash photolysis of caged glutamate, while spike-dependent release of neurotransmitters was prevented by(More)
GABAergic interneurons are thought to play a critical role in eliciting interictal spikes (IICs) and triggering ictal discharges in temporal lobe epilepsy, yet the contribution of different interneuronal subtypes to seizure initiation is still largely unknown. Here we took advantage of optogenetic techniques combined with patch-clamp and field recordings to(More)
Direct lineage reprogramming through genetic-based strategies enables the conversion of differentiated somatic cells into functional neurons and distinct neuronal subtypes. Induced dopaminergic (iDA) neurons can be generated by direct conversion of skin fibroblasts; however, their in vivo phenotypic and functional properties remain incompletely understood,(More)