Stefano Stella

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OBJECTIVE To determine the functions of in vitro primed Natural Killer (NK) cells in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) infection and the role of IL-2, IL-12 and IL-15 in enhancing the NK survival and activity in terms of viral suppression and of purging of HIV provirus. METHODS Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs) and CD4+ T lymphocytes cells(More)
Microalbuminuria, the early phase of diabetic nephropathy, is associated with an increased risk of atherothrombosis. Monocytes play an important part in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and in the activation of haemostasis. However, procoagulant activity is poorly understood in Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus, particularly in the presence of(More)
The bacterial nucleoid-associated protein Fis regulates diverse reactions by bending DNA and through DNA-dependent interactions with other control proteins and enzymes. In addition to dynamic nonspecific binding to DNA, Fis forms stable complexes with DNA segments that share little sequence conservation. Here we report the first crystal structures of Fis(More)
The P2 promoter of proP, encoding a transporter for proline and glycine betaine in Escherichia coli, is a unique paradigm, where master regulators of different growth stages, Fis and sigma(S) (RpoS), collaborate to achieve promoter activation. It is also the only case described where Fis functions as class II transcriptional activator (centred at -41). Here(More)
BACKGROUND Although the prognostic impact of a moderate degree of ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is well known, there are no data regarding the potential role of a mild degree of IMR. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a mild degree (effective regurgitant orifice area < 20 mm(2)) of IMR on left ventricular (LV) remodeling and heart(More)
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is now the treatment of choice for patients with symptomatic aortic stenosis who are inoperable or with high surgical risk. Data with regards to contemporary clinical practice and long-term outcomes are sparse. To evaluate temporal changes in TAVI practice and explore procedural and long-term clinical outcomes(More)
AIMS The prognostic role of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) associated with organic left-sided valvular heart disease is well known. However, no data are available regarding the prognostic value of functional TR (FTR) in patients with functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the(More)
In this study we evaluated the diagnostic accuracy for antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) of new fully automated immunoassays for anticardiolipin (aCL) and anti-beta2 glycoprotein I (anti-beta2-GPI) auto-antibody detection (EliA-Phadia), and compared the results with those obtained with Orgentec and Inova ELISA methods. Sixty-two APS patients and 123 controls(More)
The abundant Fis nucleoid protein selectively binds poorly related DNA sequences with high affinities to regulate diverse DNA reactions. Fis binds DNA primarily through DNA backbone contacts and selects target sites by reading conformational properties of DNA sequences, most prominently intrinsic minor groove widths. High-affinity binding requires(More)