Stefano Severi

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BACKGROUND Alterations of ventricular repolarization duration, as measured by the QT interval, are frequently observed in haemodialysis (HD) patients. The nature and the sign of these changes are not yet fully understood. METHODS Different dialysate K(+) and Ca(2+) levels, leading to different end-HD plasma concentrations in the patient, have been tested(More)
Inactivation of L-type Ca channels (LTCC) is regulated by both Ca and voltage-dependent processes (CDI and VDI). To differentiate VDI and CDI, several experimental and theoretical studies have considered the inactivation of Ba current through LTCC (I(Ba)) as a measure of VDI. However, there is evidence that Ba can weakly mimic Ca, such that I(Ba)(More)
The clear importance of human induced pluripotent stem cell derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) as an in-vitro model highlights the relevance of studying these cells and their function also in-silico. Moreover, the phenotypical differences between the hiPSC-CM and adult myocyte action potentials (APs) call for understanding of how hiPSC-CMs are maturing(More)
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) and Brugada syndrome (BrS) are inherited diseases predisposing to ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death. Genetic studies linked LQTS and BrS to mutations in genes encoding for cardiac ion channels. Recently, two novel missense mutations at the same codon in the gene encoding the cardiac Na+ channel (SCN5A) have been identified:(More)
INTRODUCTION Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a cause of sudden arrhythmic death, but the understanding of its pro-arrhythmic mechanisms and an effective pharmacological treatment are lacking. HCM electrophysiological remodelling includes both increased inward and reduced outward currents, but their role in promoting repolarisation abnormalities remains(More)
Reverse rate dependence is a problematic property of antiarrhythmic drugs that prolong the cardiac action potential (AP). The prolongation caused by reverse rate dependent agents is greater at slow heart rates, resulting in both reduced arrhythmia suppression at fast rates and increased arrhythmia risk at slow rates. The opposite property, forward rate(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Total renal volume (TRV) is an important index to evaluate the progression of autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). TRV has been assessed by manually tracing renal contours from CT or MR scans, often employing contrast medium (CM). We developed a fast and nearly automated technique based on the analysis of MR images acquired(More)
During haemodialysis (HD) sessions, patients undergo alterations in the extracellular environment, mostly concerning plasma electrolyte concentrations, pH, and volume, together with a modification of sympathovagal balance. All these changes affect cardiac electrophysiology, possibly leading to an increased arrhythmic risk. Computational modeling may help to(More)