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Although cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an effective treatment for chronic systolic heart failure with dyssynchrony, about one-third of patients do not respond favorably. The interaction between the pacing lead and the coronary sinus (CS) branches is of paramount importance for an effective resynchronization. Minor changes in lead position(More)
—We survey the state-of-the-art on the Internet-of-Things (IoT) from a wireless communications point of view, as a result of the european FP7 project BUTLER which has its focus on pervasiveness, context-awareness and security for IoT. In particular, we describe the efforts to develop so-called (wireless) enabling technologies, aimed at circumventing the(More)
The clear importance of human induced pluripotent stem cell derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) as an in-vitro model highlights the relevance of studying these cells and their function also in-silico. Moreover, the phenotypical differences between the hiPSC-CM and adult myocyte action potentials (APs) call for understanding of how hiPSC-CMs are maturing(More)
BACKGROUND Alterations of ventricular repolarization duration, as measured by the QT interval, are frequently observed in haemodialysis (HD) patients. The nature and the sign of these changes are not yet fully understood. METHODS Different dialysate K(+) and Ca(2+) levels, leading to different end-HD plasma concentrations in the patient, have been tested(More)
Inactivation of L-type Ca channels (LTCC) is regulated by both Ca and voltage-dependent processes (CDI and VDI). To differentiate VDI and CDI, several experimental and theoretical studies have considered the inactivation of Ba current through LTCC (I(Ba)) as a measure of VDI. However, there is evidence that Ba can weakly mimic Ca, such that I(Ba)(More)
Reverse rate dependence is a problematic property of antiarrhythmic drugs that prolong the cardiac action potential (AP). The prolongation caused by reverse rate dependent agents is greater at slow heart rates, resulting in both reduced arrhythmia suppression at fast rates and increased arrhythmia risk at slow rates. The opposite property, forward rate(More)
INTRODUCTION Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a cause of sudden arrhythmic death, but the understanding of its pro-arrhythmic mechanisms and an effective pharmacological treatment are lacking. HCM electrophysiological remodelling includes both increased inward and reduced outward currents, but their role in promoting repolarisation abnormalities remains(More)
We used the Dynamic Clamp technique for i) comparative validation of conflicting computational models of the hyperpolarization-activated funny current, If, and ii) quantification of the role of If in mediating autonomic modulation of heart rate. Experimental protocols based on the injection of a real-time recalculated synthetic If current in sinoatrial(More)