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Neuronal network oscillations are a unifying phenomenon in neuroscience research, with comparable measurements across scales and species. Cortical oscillations are of central importance in the characterization of neuronal network function in health and disease and are influential in effective drug development. Whilst animal in vitro and in vivo(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with autism show clinical features suggestive of abnormal processing of auditory and other sensory information. We hypothesized that low-functioning autistic subjects present abnormalities in discriminating simple auditory stimuli at sensory system preconscious stages of cortical processing. METHODS To verify our hypothesis, we used(More)
Besides the standard clinical methods of EEG waveshape analysis, mathematical models for reconstruction of dipolar sources from the digitized surface EEG have been introduced in epilepsy research. Although useful for localizing focal sources, these methods are inadequate for analyzing widespread epileptiform activity. A recently introduced alternative(More)
OBJECTIVE Autism is a frequent manifestation of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) being reported in up to 60% of the patients. Its presence is in association with cortical and subcortical lesions involving the temporal lobes. This study was designed to shed light on the functional mechanisms linking anatomical lesions of TSC and behavioural phenotype by(More)
In a study designed to investigate the neurophysiological correlates of the Cold Water Pressor Test, a standardized experimental model of tonic pain, spectral EEGs were examined during the test in 15 young right-handed adults. Each subject performed a "cold water" and a "warm water" session. The subject immersed in cold water (0 degree C) either the right(More)
Objective of this work was to explore the performance of a recently introduced source extraction method, FSS (Functional Source Separation), in recovering induced oscillatory change responses from extra-cephalic magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signals. Unlike algorithms used to solve the inverse problem, FSS does not make any assumption about the underlying(More)
With the rapid developments in image processing, new clinical applications of manipulation and three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction of neuro-imaging are evolving. Combination with other non-invasive techniques aimed at localising electric sources in the brain is of particular interest. These techniques rely on the recording of brain electrical activity(More)
Intermittent photic stimulation (IPS) is a common procedure performed in the electroencephalography (EEG) laboratory in children and adults to detect abnormal epileptogenic sensitivity to flickering light (i.e., photosensitivity). In practice, substantial variability in outcome is anecdotally found due to the many different methods used per laboratory and(More)
We investigated which evoked response component occurring in the first 800 ms after stimulus presentation was most suitable to be used in a classical P300-based brain-computer interface speller protocol. Data was acquired from 275 Magnetoencephalographic sensors in two subjects and from 61 Electroencephalographic sensors in four. To better characterize the(More)
Sensory processing is a crucial underpinning of the development of social cognition, a function which is compromised in variable degree in patients with pervasive developmental disorders (PDD). In this manuscript, we review some of the most recent and relevant contributions, which have looked at auditory sensory processing derangement in PDD. The(More)