Stefano Sapienza

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Experiments using the same glass microelectrode (6--8 M omega) for recording and stimulating were performed on 12 rats in which 379 cortical cells were studied in 65 penetrations through the motor and somatosensory cortical zones. To avoid anaesthetic effects the rats were chronically implanted with a head system derived from the one developed by Noda et(More)
We have studied the control of the primary motor cortex on the activity of lemniscal neurons in semi-chronic implanted cats. In each experiment, two to three foci in the primary motor cortex were identified by intracortical microstimulation at low threshold (up to 20 microA) for their capacity to evoke movements of contralateral single limb joints. Neurons(More)
In unanesthetized neuraxis intact cats microstimulation of the interpositus nucleus (IN) which activated a single flexor or extensor muscle in limbs, was used to investigate changes of unitary discharged of rubrospinal (RST) cells. Recordings were made from sites the stimulation of which excited the same muscle activated by the IN (agonist cells), its(More)
The influences of the interpositus nucleus on pyramidal tract neurons were investigated by stimulating, in unanesthetized cats, interpositus nucleus foci which activated single muscles in limbs, while recording unitary discharges of pyramidal tract neurons located in foci (area 4 gamma) from which contraction was obtained in the same muscles as those(More)
The organization of somatosensory input and the input-output relationships in regions of the agranular frontal cortex (AGr) and granular parietal cortex (Gr) were examined in the chronic awake guinea pig, using the combined technique of single-unit recording and intracortical microstimulation (ICMS). AGr, which was cytoarchitectonically subdivided into(More)
The nature and organization of cortical influences on somatosensory thalamic neurons were investigated in the guinea pig in order to ascertain if mechanisms subserving sensory-motor integration in the thalamus are as precise as has previously been demonstrated in the agranular frontal cortex (AGr) and granular parietal cortex (Gr). The study was carried out(More)
Motor effects produced by microstimulation of restiform body (RB) were studied in acute unanesthetized cats, using tungsten electrodes for stimulating the peduncle and bipolar steel electrodes for recording muscular activity (EMG). The main results were the following. 1. Threshold microstimulation (18.24 microA +/- 8.77 S.D.) of effective foci within RB(More)
The retrograde transport of a tracer has been combined with peroxidase immunocytochemistry to verify whether corticostriatal (CS) neurons contain in their cell bodies high levels of glutamate (Glu) and aspartate (Asp). Injections of WGAapoHRP-Au in the caudate/putamen of adult rats produced retrograde labeling of a large number of layer V neurons of wide(More)
Previous findings in animals demonstrated that the noradrenergic coeruleospinal system exerts a tonic facilitation on spinal reflexes and that activation of alpha2-autoinhibitory receptors can be responsible for a disfacilitation of the spinal activity. To investigate this issue further, we examined whether this system is also involved in descending(More)