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DMSO is one of the most common solvents used experimentally to dissolve hydrophobic substances for in vivo and in vitro purposes. A wide range of pharmacological effects exerted by DMSO has been documented in both animal and human experimental models. However, only a few and sometimes contrasting data about the effects of DMSO in animal models of(More)
The effects induced by orphanin FQ (OFQ) on morphine-induced dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenilacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) release in the nucleus accumbens were studied in rats by using microdialysis with electrochemical detection. Morphine administered intraperitoneally (i.p., 2, 5 and 10 mg/kg) dose-dependently increased DA and(More)
Mice pups were exposed daily to a stress-producing procedure (handling and saline injection) during the first 3 weeks of life. At 25 and 45 days of age, they were tested for differences in the tail-flick and hot-plate tests. The results indicate that chronic handling procedures during developmental stages can produce a long-lasting increase of the threshold(More)
The effects induced by nociceptin on morphine-induced release of dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenilacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) in the nucleus accumbens and nucleus caudate were studied in rats by microdialysis with electrochemical detection. Nociceptin administered intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) at doses of 2, 5 and 10 nmol/rat(More)
The neurobiological and behavioral facets of adolescence have been poorly investigated in relation to the vulnerability to psychostimulants. Periadolescent (33-43 days) and adult (>70 days) Sprague-Dawley rats underwent a 3-day treatment history with D-amphetamine (AMPH) at 0, 2, or 10 mg/kg (once a day). After a short 5-day-long withdrawal interval, freely(More)
Different antioxidants and free radical scavengers on aflatoxin production are analysed. The different compounds at different concentration were used: buthylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), buthylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), α-tocopherol (vitamin E), ascorbic acid (vitamin C), reduced glutathione, cysteine, cysteamine. The above compounds were tested in culture(More)
BACKGROUND The significance of behavioral neuroscience and the validity of its animal models of human pathology largely depend on the possibility to replicate a given finding across different laboratories. Under the present test and housing conditions, this axiom fails to resist the challenge of experimental validation. When several mouse strains are tested(More)
Reelin is an extracellular matrix protein, secreted by GABAergic interneurons, that provides a signal for neural plasticity. A downregulation of reelin may be a factor to be considered in the study of major psychiatric disorders. The heterozygous reeler mouse model, thus, may be important to reveal those alterations in behavioral phenotype produced by(More)
The effects of cyproterone and of tamoxifen citrate upon the hair waves were studied in normal and castrated C57 mice. Cyproterone (1 mg/day) had no effect upon the hair waves in normal male mice and produced a slight inhibition of the diffuse growth induced by their castration. Tamoxifen citrate (1 mg/day) had no effect upon the hair waves in normal female(More)
Today there is a very great deal of interest among members of the global natural products community in investigating new plant constituents. Recent studies demonstrate that liquorice extracts are useful in the treatment of dermatitis, eczema, and psoriasis, with an efficacy comparable to that of corticosteroids. In this work, niosomes made up of surfactants(More)