Stefano Pieretti

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The central interference induced by dexamethasone and RU-38486, (a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist) on morphine antinociception were studied by using the tail flick test in mice. Dexamethasone, injected intracerebrally (i.c.v.) 10 minutes before morphine, dose-dependently reduced morphine antinociception, whereas RU-38486 which was injected with the same(More)
The neurobiological and behavioral facets of adolescence have been poorly investigated in relation to the vulnerability to psychostimulants. Periadolescent (33-43 days) and adult (>70 days) Sprague-Dawley rats underwent a 3-day treatment history with D-amphetamine (AMPH) at 0, 2, or 10 mg/kg (once a day). After a short 5-day-long withdrawal interval, freely(More)
BACKGROUND The significance of behavioral neuroscience and the validity of its animal models of human pathology largely depend on the possibility to replicate a given finding across different laboratories. Under the present test and housing conditions, this axiom fails to resist the challenge of experimental validation. When several mouse strains are tested(More)
Mice pups were exposed daily to a stress-producing procedure (handling and saline injection) during the first 3 weeks of life. At 25 and 45 days of age, they were tested for differences in the tail-flick and hot-plate tests. The results indicate that chronic handling procedures during developmental stages can produce a long-lasting increase of the threshold(More)
Reelin is an extracellular matrix protein, secreted by GABAergic interneurons, that provides a signal for neural plasticity. A downregulation of reelin may be a factor to be considered in the study of major psychiatric disorders. The heterozygous reeler mouse model, thus, may be important to reveal those alterations in behavioral phenotype produced by(More)
The effects induced by orphanin FQ (OFQ) on morphine-induced dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenilacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) release in the nucleus accumbens were studied in rats by using microdialysis with electrochemical detection. Morphine administered intraperitoneally (i.p., 2, 5 and 10 mg/kg) dose-dependently increased DA and(More)
Corticotropin releasing factor (CRF), injected into the cerebral ventricles (i.c.v.) of rabbits, induced EEG limbic seizures, behavioural excitability, stereotyped behaviour and the tardive enhancement of hippocampal theta voltage and frequency. The beta-endorphin cleavage derivatives des-tyr-gamma-endorphin (DT gamma E) and des-enkephalin-gamma-endorphin(More)
Previous data indicate that intracerebroventricular administration of agonists for mu- and delta-opioid receptors induces limbic seizures in rats, but no data are reported in rabbits. We found that the mu- and delta-opioid peptides [D-Ala(2)-N,Me-Phe(4)-Gly(5)-ol]enkephalin (DAMGO), beta-endorphin and deltorphin II, induced EEG non-convulsive hippocampal(More)
The effects of some beta-endorphin fragments with neuroleptic-like properties, i.e., tau-endorphin, des-tyr1-tau-endorphin (DT tau E), desenkephalin-tau-endorphin (DE tau E), in comparison with the dopaminergic antagonist haloperidol,- were studied on the EEG and behavioral alterations induced by beta-endorphin in the rabbit. beta-Endorphin administered(More)
PURPOSE Anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) are synthetic androgen-like compounds that are abused in sport communities despite their adverse effects. Nerve growth factor (NGF) influences neuronal differentiation and survival, and it also mediates higher brain functions such as learning and memory. Changes in NGF expression have been implicated in(More)