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DMSO is one of the most common solvents used experimentally to dissolve hydrophobic substances for in vivo and in vitro purposes. A wide range of pharmacological effects exerted by DMSO has been documented in both animal and human experimental models. However, only a few and sometimes contrasting data about the effects of DMSO in animal models of(More)
The neurobiological and behavioral facets of adolescence have been poorly investigated in relation to the vulnerability to psychostimulants. Periadolescent (33-43 days) and adult (>70 days) Sprague-Dawley rats underwent a 3-day treatment history with D-amphetamine (AMPH) at 0, 2, or 10 mg/kg (once a day). After a short 5-day-long withdrawal interval, freely(More)
The central interference induced by dexamethasone and RU-38486, (a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist) on morphine antinociception were studied by using the tail flick test in mice. Dexamethasone, injected intracerebrally (i.c.v.) 10 minutes before morphine, dose-dependently reduced morphine antinociception, whereas RU-38486 which was injected with the same(More)
The effects induced by orphanin FQ (OFQ) on morphine-induced dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenilacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) release in the nucleus accumbens were studied in rats by using microdialysis with electrochemical detection. Morphine administered intraperitoneally (i.p., 2, 5 and 10 mg/kg) dose-dependently increased DA and(More)
BACKGROUND The significance of behavioral neuroscience and the validity of its animal models of human pathology largely depend on the possibility to replicate a given finding across different laboratories. Under the present test and housing conditions, this axiom fails to resist the challenge of experimental validation. When several mouse strains are tested(More)
In this study we investigated how the peptides derived from the glucocorticoid-inducible protein annexin 1 are able to alter the nociceptive threshold of mice. The effects of the annexin1 fragment 2-26 (Anxa1(2-26)) on nociceptive threshold were studied using both chemical (formalin test) and thermal (hot plate and tail flick test) nociceptive stimuli on(More)
The effects induced by nociceptin on morphine-induced release of dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenilacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) in the nucleus accumbens and nucleus caudate were studied in rats by microdialysis with electrochemical detection. Nociceptin administered intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) at doses of 2, 5 and 10 nmol/rat(More)
Mice pups were exposed daily to a stress-producing procedure (handling and saline injection) during the first 3 weeks of life. At 25 and 45 days of age, they were tested for differences in the tail-flick and hot-plate tests. The results indicate that chronic handling procedures during developmental stages can produce a long-lasting increase of the threshold(More)
Reelin is an extracellular matrix protein, secreted by GABAergic interneurons, that provides a signal for neural plasticity. A downregulation of reelin may be a factor to be considered in the study of major psychiatric disorders. The heterozygous reeler mouse model, thus, may be important to reveal those alterations in behavioral phenotype produced by(More)
A number of pyridazinone derivatives bearing an arylpiperazinylalkyl chain were synthesized and tested icv in a model of acute nociception induced by thermal stimuli in mice (tail flick). The most interesting and potent compound in this series was 6a, which showed an ED(50) = 3.5 microg, a value about 3-fold higher with respect to morphine by the same route(More)