Stefano Petruzzelli

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BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a chronic progressive disorder with a poor prognosis. METHODS We conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled multicenter study that assessed the effectiveness over one year of a high oral dose of acetylcysteine (600 mg three times daily) added to standard therapy with prednisone plus azathioprine.(More)
An improved high-performance liquid chromatography/fluorometric assay has been established to quantitate the benzo(a)pyrene (BP) tetrols released after acid hydrolysis of lung DNA from lung cancer patients, so that the formation of benzo(a)pyrene diol-epoxide-DNA adducts can be measured. The r-7,c-10,t-8,t-9-tetrahydroxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-BP isolated by(More)
Peroxynitrite has been associated with increased oxidative reactions and DNA damage in inflamed tissues as it may cause a reduction of plasma antioxidants as well. Nitration of tyrosine residues of proteins leads to the production of 3-nitrotyrosine (NTYR), which may be considered as a marker of NO.-dependent oxidative damage. We developed a highly(More)
BACKGROUND The randomized placebo-controlled IFIGENIA-trial demonstrated that therapy with high-dose N-acetylcysteine (NAC) given for one year, added to prednisone and azathioprine, significantly ameliorates (i.e. slows down) disease progression in terms of vital capacity (VC) (+9%) and diffusing capacity (DLco) (+24%) in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis(More)
The effect of cigarette smoke exposure on the activity of cytosolic and microsomal epoxide hydrolase (EH) has been investigated in human lung. Patients were classified as 'recent smokers' (n = 9) or 'non-recent smokers' (n = 10) according to whether they were or were not still smoking 1 month before surgery. Cytosolic EH was measured with [3H]trans-stilbene(More)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are almost ubiquitous pollutants that may interact with metabolic systems in human tissues and eventually cause cancer. PAH-adducted DNA becomes antigenic and antibodies anti-benzo(a)pyrene diol epoxide (BPDE)-DNA may be found in serum of PAH-exposed subjects. The presence of serum antibodies anti-BPDE-DNA adduct was(More)
BACKGROUND This trial investigated the activity and toxicity of gemcitabine in previously untreated elderly (> 70 years) patients with advanced (stage IIIB-IV) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS From January 1997 to July 1998, 46 patients with advanced NSCLC aged over 70 years with a performance status of 0-2 were entered into the(More)
Among biomarkers of tobacco smoke (TS)-induced genotoxic damage, benzo[a]pyrene diolepoxide-DNA adducts (BPDE-DNA) are extensively studied. Adducted DNA becomes antigenic and antibodies anti-BPDE-DNA (BPDE-DNA-Abs) may be found in serum of exposed subjects. Little is known about the persistence of BPDE-DNA, and no study has been performed to evaluate the(More)
Perfusion lung scintigrams, pulmonary gas exchange data, and chest roentgenograms were obtained in 33 patients during acute embolism and over the following six months in order to assess their clinical usefulness in monitoring the effect of therapy. To this purpose, the measurement of pulmonary gas exchange and the presence of chest x-ray findings were(More)
In order to compare pulmonary DNA adducts and aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) activity, we have measured these two parameters in non-neoplastic surgical lung parenchymal samples from four ex-smokers and 19 smokers, out of 20 patients operated for lung cancer, and three for nonmalignant lung diseases. DNA adducts were determined by scintillation counting(More)