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The aim of this study was to quantitatively assess the stability and harmony of gait in children with cerebral palsy. Seventeen children with spastic hemiplegia due to cerebral palsy (5.0±2.3 years old) who were able to walk autonomously and seventeen age-matched children with typical development (5.7±2.5 years old, p=0.391) performed a 10-m walking test(More)
OBJECTIVE Motor imagery (MI) is assumed to enhance poststroke motor recovery, yet its benefits are debatable. Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) can provide instantaneous and quantitative measure of cerebral functions modulated by MI. The efficacy of BCI-monitored MI practice as add-on intervention to usual rehabilitation care was evaluated in a randomized(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify the prevalence of poststroke depression (PSD) in a population of patients admitted for rehabilitation of neurologic sequelae of their first stroke, to recognize reliable prognostic factors associated with the occurrence of PSD, and to evaluate the impact of PSD on the results of rehabilitation treatment. METHODS In a prospective(More)
The aim of the study was to analyse swallowing function and to identify reliable prognostic factors associated with dysphagia in a consecutive series of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Swallowing examination was performed by means of indirect and direct methods (fiberendoscopic evaluation) in 143 consecutive patients with primary and secondary(More)
In nature, many physical and biological systems have structures showing harmonic properties. Some of them were found related to the irrational number φ known as the golden ratio that has important symmetric and harmonic properties. In this study, the spatiotemporal gait parameters of 25 healthy subjects were analyzed using a stereophotogrammetric system(More)
In a dark environment, when vision is excluded, humans are usually able to walk towards a target the position of which was previously memorized. Changes in spatio-temporal gait parameters, the presence of obstacles on the ground or pathway tilt can affect their performances. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the environment on this(More)
This study was designed to determine the role of demographic, medical and cognitive factors in the results of rehabilitation in first stroke patients. In a prospective study on 273 consecutive patients admitted to a rehabilitation hospital for sequelae of first stroke, we used multiple regressions to assess the relationship between 11 independent variables(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The goal of this study was to assess the specific influence of stroke etiology on rehabilitation results. METHODS This was a case-control study of 270 inpatients with sequelae of first stroke who were enrolled in homogeneous subgroups and matched for stroke severity, basal disability, age (within 1 year), sex, and onset admission(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the specific influence of unilateral spatial neglect (USN) on rehabilitation outcome. DESIGN A case-control study in consecutive stroke inpatients. SETTING Rehabilitation hospital. PATIENTS One hundred seventy-eight patients with sequelae of first stroke, enrolled in homogeneous subgroups, matched for age (within 1yr) and onset(More)
Vision can improve bipedal upright stability during standing and affect spatiotemporal parameters during walking. However, little is known about the effects of visual deprivation on gait dynamic stability. We have tested 28 subjects during walking under two different visual conditions, full vision (FV) and no vision (NV), measuring their upper body(More)