Stefano Moro

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The assembly of the Smad complex is critical for TGFbeta signaling, yet the mechanisms that inactivate or empower nuclear Smad complexes are less understood. By means of siRNA screen we identified FAM (USP9x), a deubiquitinase acting as essential and evolutionarily conserved component in TGFbeta and bone morphogenetic protein signaling. Smad4 is(More)
The TGFβ pathway is critical for embryonic development and adult tissue homeostasis. On ligand stimulation, TGFβ and BMP receptors phosphorylate receptor-activated SMADs (R-SMADs), which then associate with SMAD4 to form a transcriptional complex that regulates gene expression through specific DNA recognition. Several ubiquitin ligases serve as inhibitors(More)
Abnormally high constitutive activity of protein kinase CK2, levels of which are elevated in a variety of tumours, is suspected to underlie its pathogenic potential. The most widely employed CK2 inhibitor is 4,5,6,7-tetrabromobenzotriazole (TBB), which exhibits a comparable efficacy toward another kinase, DYRK1 a. Here we describe the development of a new(More)
Mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) channel is responsible for Ruthenium Red-sensitive mitochondrial calcium uptake. Here, we demonstrate MCU oligomerization by immunoprecipitation and Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) and characterize a novel protein (MCUb) with two predicted transmembrane domains, 50% sequence similarity and a different(More)
Casein kinase-2 (CK2) probably is the most pleiotropic member of the protein kinase family, with more than 200 substrates known to date. Unlike the great majority of protein kinases, which are tightly regulated enzymes, CK2 is endowed with high constitutive activity, a feature that is suspected to underlie its oncogenic potential and possible implication in(More)
CK2 is a highly pleiotropic Ser/Thr protein kinase that is able to promote cell survival and enhance the tumour phenotype under specific circumstances. We have determined the crystal structure of three new complexes with tetrabromobenzimidazole derivatives that display K(i) values between 0.15 and 0.30 microM. A comparative analysis of these data with those(More)
The search for new compounds with a given biological activity requires enormous effort in terms of manpower and cost. This effort arises from the large number of compounds that need to be synthesized and subsequently biologically evaluated. For this reason the pharmaceutical industry has shown great interest in theoretical methods that enable the rational(More)
REST/NRSF is a multifunctional transcription factor that represses or silences many neuron-specific genes in both neural and non-neural cells by recruitment to its cognate RE1/NRSE regulatory sites. An increase in RE1/NRSE genomic binding is found in Huntington's disease (HD), resulting in the repression of REST/NRSF regulated gene transcription, among(More)
The mechanisms governing atlastin-mediated membrane fusion are unknown. Here we demonstrate that a three-helix bundle (3HB) within the middle domain is required for oligomerization. Mutation of core hydrophobic residues within these helices inactivates atlastin function by preventing membrane tethering and the subsequent fusion. GTP binding induces a(More)
ATP site-directed inhibitors that can target individual kinases are powerful tools for use in signal transduction research, all the more so in the case of a pleiotropic, constitutively active protein kinase such as CK2, which is not turned on in response to specific stimuli. By screening a library of more than 200 derivatives of natural polyphenolic(More)