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The aim of this study was to demonstrate that oligo-branched peptides can be effective either for spotlighting tumor cells that overexpress peptide receptors, or for killing them, simply by exchanging the functional moiety coupled to the conserved receptor-targeting core. Tetra-branched peptides containing neurotensin (NT) sequence are described here as(More)
We extracted, purified and characterized 8 sesquiterpene fractions from Commyphora molmol. In particular, we focused our attention on a mixture of furanodiene-6-one and methoxyfuranoguaia-9-ene-8-one, which showed antibacterial and antifungal activity against standard pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and(More)
Gold nanoparticles functionalized with water-soluble zwitterionic ligands form kinetically stable complexes with hydrophobic drugs and dyes. These drugs and dyes are efficiently released into cells, as demonstrated through fluorescence microscopy and cytotoxicity assays. Significantly, there is little or no cellular uptake of particle, making these low(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Maintenance of poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR) polymers at homoeostatic levels by PAR glycohydrolase (PARG) is central in cell functioning and survival. Yet the pharmacological relevance of PARG inhibitors is still debated. Gallotannin, a complex mixture of hydrolysable tannins from oak gall, inhibits PARG but which of its constituents is(More)
The use of peptide receptors as targets for tumor-selective therapies was envisaged years ago with the findings that receptors for different endogenous regulatory peptides are overexpressed in several primary and metastatic human tumors, and can be used as tumor antigens. Branched peptides can retain or even increase, through multivalent binding, the(More)
Taxanes are highly effective chemotherapeutic drugs against proliferating cancer and an established option in the standard treatment of ovarian and breast cancer. However, treatment with paclitaxel is associated with severe side effects, including sensory axonal neuropathy, and its poor solubility in water complicates its formulation. In this paper we(More)
Despite recent advances in multimodal therapy, bladder cancer still ranks ninth in worldwide cancer incidence. New molecules which might improve early diagnosis and therapeutic efficiency for tumors of such high epidemiological impact therefore have very high priority. In the present study, the tetrabranched neurotensin peptide NT4 was conjugated with(More)
The role of intramolecular hydrogen bonding (HB) on the bond-dissociation enthalpy (BDE) of the phenolic O-H and on the kinetics of H-atom transfer to peroxyl radicals (k(inh)) of several 2-alkoxyphenols was experimentally quantified by the EPR equilibration technique and by inhibited autoxidation studies. These compounds can be regarded as useful models(More)
Electron spin resonance (ESR), time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS), and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) have been used in parallel to characterize the deposition on gold surface of a series of nitronyl nitroxide radicals. These compounds have been specifically synthesized with methyl-thio linking groups suitable to interact with(More)