Stefano Materazzi

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The role of two estrogen-mimicking compounds in regulating osteoblast activities were examined. Previously, our attention was focused on benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP) and di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) since previous works showed that they enter the cytoplasm, bioaccumulate, modify actin cytoarchitecture and exert mitogenic effects involving microfilament(More)
We evaluated, by confocal laser scanning microscopy, the actin cytoskeleton of immortalized rat Py1a osteoblasts treated with phthalate esters (butyl benzyl phthalate, BBP and dibutyl phthalate, DBP), endocrine disruptors with estrogenic activity. We observed some peculiar modifications of actin cytoskeleton and cells changing from a spindle shape to a(More)
A new method based on matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD) on-line with a solid-phase extraction (SPE) cleanup process followed by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) is presented for the determination of 3 macrocyclic lactone mycotoxins in fish tissues: zearalenone, alpha-zearalenol, and beta-zearalenol. The sample was prepared(More)
We previously reported that transient administration of phthalates induced actin cytoskeleton disruption in Py1a osteoblasts. However, the mechanism of this transient effect was not elucidated. In this study we provided evidence that the actin cytoskeletal re-established conditions are dependent on new actin expression and synthesis. To assess the role of(More)
We have previously reported that prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) and its selective agonist fluprostenol increase basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) mRNA and protein production in osteoblastic Py1a cells. The present report extends our previous studies by showing that Py1a cells express FGF receptor-2 (FGFR2) and that treatment with PGF2α or fluprostenol(More)
Exposure of the Py1a rat osteoblastic cells to butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP) and dibutyl phthalate (DBP) showed that these endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDC) strongly and reversibly affect the cytoplasmic fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) translocation into the nucleus in a dose-dependent and time-related manner. Stimulation of cells with high(More)
In this study, we investigated the role of prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha) in mouse osteoblast survival and the function of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) and fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) in this process. In particular, for the first time, we demonstrated that PGF2alpha increased osteoblast survival in a dose-dependent manner and we(More)
The present investigation extends our previous studies on PGF2alpha-mediated signalling in osteoblast metabolism. In particular, the role of PGF2alpha as modulator of heparan sulphate proteoglycans (HSPGs), fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) and fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) was evaluated. We hereby reported the novel observation that PGF2alpha(More)
The water release from the sublingual, parotid and submandibular glands of male and female rats was analyzed by thermal analysis in order to detect the total water content and types. Different types of water, which are increasing from the sublingual to the parotid gland, were found and the relative distribution appeared to be a function of the bond energy(More)
In the present study, as continuation of our previous research, Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) lingual glands were investigated by means of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to understand the cytoarchitecture and the subcellular sugar distribution within the different secretory structures. Indeed, glycosidic residues were visualized by(More)