Stefano Mantero

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The Dlx5 gene encodes a Distal-less-related DNA-binding homeobox protein first expressed during early embryonic development in anterior regions of the mouse embryo. In later developmental stages, it appears in the branchial arches, the otic and olfactory placodes and their derivatives, in restricted brain regions, in all extending appendages and in all(More)
Krox-20 and Krox-24 (Egr-1) encode closely related zinc finger transcription factors, which interact with the same DNA target sequences. Krox-20 is required for myelination in the peripheral nervous system. Using lacZ knock-in mutant mouse lines as well as immunohistochemical analyses, we have studied the expression of Krox-20 and Krox-24 in the Schwann(More)
Split hand/foot malformation type I (SHFM1) disease locus maps to chromosome 7q21.3-q22, a region that includes the distal-less-related (dll) genes DLX5 and DLX6. However, incomplete penetrance, variable expressivity, segregation distortion, and syndromic association with other anomalies have so far prevented the identification of the SHFM1 gene(s) in man.(More)
Dlx genes comprise a highly conserved family of homeobox genes homologous to the distal-less (Dll) gene of Drosophila. They are thought to act as transcription factors. All Dlx genes are expressed in spatially and temporally restricted patterns in craniofacial primordia, basal telencephalon and diencephalon, and in distal regions of extending appendages,(More)
The congenital malformation Split Hand-Foot Malformation (SHFM, or ectrodactyly) is characterized by a medial cleft of hands and feet, and missing central fingers. Five genetically distinct forms are known in humans; the most common (type-I) is linked to deletions of DSS1 and the distalless-related homeogenes DLX5 and DLX6. As Dlx5;Dlx6 double-knockout mice(More)
In modern vertebrates upper and lower jaws are morphologically different. Both develop from the mandibular arch, which is colonized mostly by Hox-free neural crest cells. Here we show that simultaneous inactivation of the murine homeobox genes Dlx5 and Dlx6 results in the transformation of the lower jaw into an upper jaw and in symmetry of the snout. This(More)
The distalless-related homeogene Dlx5 is expressed in the olfactory placodes and derived tissues and in the anterior-basal forebrain. We investigated the role of Dlx5 in olfactory development. In Dlx5(-/-) mice, the olfactory bulbs (OBs) lack glomeruli, exhibit disorganized cellular layers, and show reduced numbers of TH- and GAD67-positive neurons. The(More)
Endochondral ossification is the prevalent mode of vertebrate skeleton formation; it starts during embryogenesis when cartilage models of long bones develop central regions of hypertrophy which are replaced by bony trabeculae and bone marrow. Although several transcription factors have been implicated in pattern formation in the limbs and axial skeleton,(More)
The subventricular zone of the adult mammalian brain harbors the neural stem cell population with potential neural regeneration and repair capacity. We describe a nonviral technique to preferentially transfect in vivo the adult neural stem cell population and its immediate progeny based on intraventricular injection of PEI/DNA complexes. The transfected(More)
Generally, cationic vector-based intravenous delivery of DNA is hindered by interactions of positively charged complexes with serum proteins. However, if optimally formulated, cationic vectors can provide reasonable levels of transfection in the lung either by intravenous or intrapulmonary routes. We investigated the in vivo transfection capacity of a(More)