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Memory, attention and creativity represent three different cognitive domains, which are interconnected and contribute the "mental performance" of an individual. Modern neuroscience has investigated some of the neuronal circuits and of the neurotransmitters and molecular events underlying the above-mentioned cognitive functions. Within this renewed reference(More)
We have previously identified alterations of K+ channel function, IP3-mediated calcium release, and Cp20 (a memory-associated GTP binding protein) in fibroblasts from Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients vs controls. Some of these alterations can be integrated into an index that distinguishes AD patients from controls with both high specificity and high(More)
Expansion of a polyglutamine sequence in the N terminus of huntingtin is the gain-of-function event that causes Huntington's disease. This mutation affects primarily the medium-size spiny neurons of the striatum. Huntingtin is expressed in many neuronal and non-neuronal cell types, implying a more general function for the wild-type protein. Here we report(More)
Several studies suggest a pivotal role of amyloid beta (Abeta)(1-42) and nitric oxide (NO) in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. NO also possess central neuromodulatory properties. To study the soluble Abeta(1-42) effects on dopamine concentrations in rat prefrontal cortex, microdialysis technique was used. We showed that i.c.v. injection or(More)
The retina is theater of a number of biochemical reactions allowing, within its layers, the conversion of light impulses into electrical signals. The axons of the last neuronal elements, the ganglion cells, form the optic nerve and transfer the signals to the brain. Therefore, an appropriate cellular communication, not only within the different retinal(More)
In this study we investigate on the effect of amyloid-beta1-40 (A beta 1-40) on the oxotremorine (OXO)-induced release of [(3)H] dopamine (DA), [(3)H]GABA and [(3)H]acetylcholine (ACh) from synaptosomes in the rat nucleus accumbens (NAc). OXO in presence of himbacine (HIMBA) was able to increase the basal release of [(3)H]GABA. The OXO-elicited [(3)H]GABA(More)
Increased cytokine-mediated cytotoxic natural killer (NK) cell activity has recently been demonstrated in patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer's type (SDAT). In the present study, we evaluated whether protein-kinase C (PKC), a main regulatory enzyme involved in the mechanism of exocytosis by NK cells, has a role in the cytotoxic response of NK(More)
The present study shows that cultured fibroblasts from sporadic Alzheimer's disease patients are deficient in protein kinase C-regulated secretion of amyloid precursor protein. In particular, Alzheimer fibroblasts show a reduced basal secretion and a reduced response at low concentrations of phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate, with an EC50 twofold higher than control(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder involving deposition of misfolded proteins in vulnerable brain regions leading to inexorable and progressive neuronal loss and deterioration of cognitive functions. The AD brain displays features typical of chronic inflammation as defined by the presence of activated microglia and by an excessive(More)