Stefano Gatti

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Adrenocorticotropic hormone and alpha-, beta-, and gamma-melanocyte-stimulating hormones, collectively called melanocortin peptides, exert multiple effects upon the host. These effects range from modulation of fever and inflammation to control of food intake, autonomic functions, and exocrine secretions. Recognition and cloning of five melanocortin(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) reverse acute kidney injury (AKI) by a paracrine mechanism rather than by MSC transdifferentiation. We recently demonstrated that microvesicles (MVs) released from MSCs may account for this paracrine mechanism by a horizontal transfer of messenger RNA and microRNA. METHODS MVs(More)
Several studies suggested the presence of stem cells in the adult normal human liver; however, a population with stem cell properties has not yet been isolated. The purpose of the present study was to identify and characterize progenitor cells in normal adult human liver. By stringent conditions of liver cell cultures, we isolated and characterized a(More)
Endothelial progenitor cells are known to reverse acute kidney injury by paracrine mechanisms. We previously found that microvesicles released from these progenitor cells activate an angiogenic program in endothelial cells by horizontal mRNA transfer. Here, we tested whether these microvesicles prevent acute kidney injury in a rat model of(More)
RATIONALE Unphysiologic strain (the ratio between tidal volume and functional residual capacity) and stress (the transpulmonary pressure) can cause ventilator-induced lung damage. OBJECTIVES To identify a strain-stress threshold (if any) above which ventilator-induced lung damage can occur. METHODS Twenty-nine healthy pigs were mechanically ventilated(More)
OBJECTIVE Tidal volume (VT) and volume of gas caused by positive end-expiratory pressure (VPEEP) generate dynamic and static lung strains, respectively. Our aim was to clarify whether different combinations of dynamic and static strains, resulting in the same large global strain, constantly produce lung edema. DESIGN Laboratory investigation. SETTING(More)
Melanocortin peptides, the collective term for alpha-, beta-, and gamma-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-, beta-, gamma-MSH) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), are elements of an ancient modulatory system. Natural melanocortins derive from the common precursor pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC). Five receptor subtypes for melanocortins (MC1-MC5) are(More)
INTRODUCTION Hepatic mitochondrial dysfunction may play a critical role in the pathogenesis of metformin-induced lactic acidosis. However, patients with severe metformin intoxication may have a 30 to 60% decrease in their global oxygen consumption, as for generalized inhibition of mitochondrial respiration. We developed a pig model of severe metformin(More)
BACKGROUND The ventilator works mechanically on the lung parenchyma. The authors set out to obtain the proof of concept that ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) depends on the mechanical power applied to the lung. METHODS Mechanical power was defined as the function of transpulmonary pressure, tidal volume (TV), and respiratory rate. Three piglets were(More)
BACKGROUND High tidal volume can cause ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI), but positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is thought to be protective. We aimed to find the volumetric VILI threshold and see whether PEEP is protective per se or indirectly. METHODS In 76 pigs (22 ± 2 kg), we examined the lower and upper limits (30.9-59.7 mL/kg) of(More)