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OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to evaluate the energy cost and the mechanical work of locomotion in a group of adults with childhood-onset GH deficiency (GHD). SUBJECTS Eight males with childhood-onset GHD (mean age+/-s.d.: 31.7+/-3.6 years; mean height: 145.1+/-6.7cm) and six age-, sex- and exercise-matched normal subjects were studied. (More)
BACKGROUND Circulating chromogranin A (CgA) levels, a marker for neuroendocrine tumors including carcinoids, have recently been found elevated in some patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), although their significance is unclear. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate CgA levels and their possible relationship with clinical and biochemical disease(More)
Although steroid-induced negative effects on bone and collagen have been well described in corticosteroid-treated patients, few studies have extensively evaluated bone and collagen turnover in patients with endogenous Cushing's syndrome. In this work serum bone-Gla protein (BGP), C-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen (ICTP) and N-terminal(More)
OBJECTIVE Rosiglitazone, a thiazolidinedione compound with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma)-binding affinity, is able to suppress adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secretion in treated mice and in AtT20 pituitary tumor cells. These observations suggested that thiazolidinediones may be effective as therapy for Cushing's disease(More)
The cAMP-protein kinase A (PKA) pathway is the major signal transduction pathway involved in melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptor-mediated signaling and melanin production, whereas its role in the control of melanocyte proliferation is still controversial. In this study, we evaluated the effects of selective activation of the different PKA regulatory(More)
The role of mitochondria in cancer is controversial. Using a genome-wide shRNA screen, we now show that tumours reprogram a network of mitochondrial dynamics operative in neurons, including syntaphilin (SNPH), kinesin KIF5B and GTPase Miro1/2 to localize mitochondria to the cortical cytoskeleton and power the membrane machinery of cell movements. When(More)
Synovial sarcoma is a rare malignancy occurring mainly in the extremities. Only seven cases have been described arising in the esophagus. All of them presented as a polypoid mass involving the upper third of the esophagus. A case of infiltrating synovial esophageal sarcoma simulating achalasia in a 63-year-old woman is reported. According to the literature,(More)
OBJECTIVES Aberrant cAMP signaling is involved in the pathogenesis of somatotropinomas. The aim of the study was to screen acromegalic patients for the presence of variants of phosphodiesterase type 11A (PDE11A) gene, which have been recently identified in adrenocortical and testicular tumors. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We sequenced the PDE11A gene-coding(More)
Solitary or true pancreatic cyst is a very rare pathologic condition; only a few cases are reported in literature. We report a case of a 22-year-old woman with a symptomatic true pancreatic cyst located in proximity to the pancreatic head, duodenum, vena cava, biliary tree, and right kidney, which was enucleated through a laparoscopic approach. Laparoscopic(More)
BACKGROUND There is only one previous case report of a poorly differentiated carcinoma arising from an adenolymphoma of the parotid gland (Warthin's tumour). The absence of clinical symptoms, and the aspecificity of the radiological pattern make the diagnosis very difficult. CASE PRESENTATION We here report the case of a 73-year-old man with Warthin's(More)