Stefano Fedi

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Fifteen bacterial strains using biphenyl as sole carbon and energy source, obtained from different positions and depths of a polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-contaminated area, were analyzed for their basic metabolic phenotypes and subjected to genomic DNA hybridization screening for the presence of well characterized bph operons such as those of Pseudomonas(More)
Tellurite (TeO 3 2− ) is the most toxic and soluble oxyanion among tellurium (Te) compounds. The effects of the metalloid anion on the oxidative stress response of the obligate aerobe Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707 were investigated. Cells treated with sub-lethal concentrations of TeO 3 2− showed neither adaptation to it nor cross-protection against(More)
Rhodococcus sp. strain BCP1, known for its capacity to grow on short-chain n-alkanes (C(2) to C(7)) and to cometabolize chlorinated solvents, was found to also utilize medium- and long-chain n-alkanes (C(12) to C(24)) as energy and carbon sources. To examine this feature in detail, a chromosomal region which includes the alkB gene cluster encoding a(More)
This work focuses on chloroform (CF) cometabolism by a butane-grown aerobic pure culture (Rhodococcus aetherovorans BCP1) in continuous-flow biofilm reactors. The goals were to obtain preliminary information on the feasibility of CF biodegradation by BCP1 in biofilm reactors and to evaluate the applicability of the pulsed injection of growth substrate and(More)
The respiratory chain of Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707 in membranes isolated from cells grown in the presence or absence of the toxic oxyanion tellurite (TeO3(2-)) was examined. Aerobic growth in the absence of tellurite shows an NADH-dependent respiration which is 80% catalysed by the cytochrome (cyt) bc1-containing pathway leading to two terminal(More)
The focus of this microcosm study was to monitor the performances of 17 butane-utilizing microcosms during a long-term (100–250 days) aerobic cometabolic depletion of chloroform (CF). The depletion of the contaminant began after a lag-time variable between 0 and 23 days. All microcosms quickly reached a pseudo steady-state condition, in terms of biomass(More)
In this study, T-RFLP analysis was used to determine the structure and spatial distribution of the indigenous bacterial community of an actual-site PCB-contaminated soil treated in aerobic packed-bed loop reactors (PBLRs) in the absence or in the presence of a mixture of randomly methylated beta-cyclodextrins (RAMEB) at 0.5 or 1% w/w. RAMEB was found to(More)
This study shows that the oxyanion tellurite TeO3(2-) can be used as a tool to detect and quantify the release in soil microcosms of Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707, a strain spontaneously resistant to tellurite with a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 150 microg ml(-1). KF707 cells which carry the genes for degradation of a wide range of(More)
The bioremediation of aged polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-contaminated soils is adversely affected by the low bioavailability of the pollutants. Randomly methylated-beta-cyclodextrins (RAMEB) were tested as a potential PCB-bioavailability-enhancing agent in the aerobic treatment of two aged-contaminated soils. The soils, contaminated by about 890 and 8500(More)
The ability of a Rhodococcus aetherovorans strain, BCP1, to grow on butane and to degrade chloroform in the 0–633 μM range (0–75.5 mg l−1) via aerobic cometabolism was investigated by means of resting-cell assays. BCP1 degraded chloroform with a complete mineralization of the organic Cl. The resulting butane and chloroform maximum specific degradation rates(More)