Stefano De Virgiliis

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The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) HLA region on chromosome 6p21 contains the major locus of type 1 diabetes (IDDM1). Common allelic variants at the class II HLA-DRB1, -DQA1, and -DQB1 loci account for the major part of IDDM1. Previous studies suggested that other MHC loci are likely to contribute to IDDM1, but determination of their relative(More)
Celiac disease (CD), a malabsorption disorder of the small intestine, results from ingestion of gluten. The HLA risk factors involved in CD are well known but do not explain the entire genetic susceptibility. To determine the localization of other genetic risk factors, a systematic screening of the genome has been undertaken. The typing information of 281(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Liver disease has been described in 10%-15% of patients with autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1 (APS-1). After the discovery of cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) as a hepatocellular autoantigen in liver-kidney microsomal autoantibody (LKM)-positive patients with APS-1, the investigation of antiliver antibodies was extended to 11 Sardinian(More)
Approximately one-half of Caucasians with newly diagnosed insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) have autoantibodies to insulin, and the majority of those express the HLA-DR4 genotype [Ziegler, R., Alper, C. A., Awdeh, Z. L., Castano, L., Brink, S. J., Soeldner, J. S., Jackson, R. A. & Eisenbarth, G. S. (1991) Diabetes 40, 709-714]. However, it has been(More)
In the retrospective study reported here, we compared the longitudinal growth in three groups of children with thalassemia major who received a similar transfusion program but different schedules of chelation treatment. In those patients who initiated deferoxamine (DF) administration by daily subcutaneous infusion (50 to 80 mg/kg/day) simultaneously with(More)
Wilson disease (WD) in the Sardinian population has an approximate incidence of 1:7,000 live births. Mutation analysis of the WD gene in this population reported in our previous articles led us to the characterization of two common mutations and a group of 13 rare mutations accounting for the molecular defect of 8.5, 7.9, and 15.1% of the WD chromosomes.(More)
BACKGROUND A multicenter research study of Down syndrome patients was carried out to estimate the prevalence of celiac disease in patients with Down syndrome and to show clinical characteristics and laboratory data of Down syndrome patients. METHODS The authors studied 1,202 Down syndrome patients. Fifty-five celiac disease patients (group 1) were(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Despite the progress made in understanding the immunological aspects of the pathogenesis of coeliac disease (CD), the early steps that allow gliadin to cross the intestinal barrier are still largely unknown. The aim of this study was to establish whether gliadin activates a zonulin dependent enterocyte intracellular signalling pathway(s)(More)
The Sardinian population has an extremely high incidence of IDDM (30.2 of 100.000 in the age group of 0-14 years). This study reports the molecular characterization of HLA class II genes in 120 IDDM sporadic patients and 89 healthy subjects of Sardinian origin. Compared with other Caucasians, both Sardinian patients and controls had an unusual distribution(More)
IgA deficiency (IgA-D) has been associated with the HLA region, in particular with the North European haplotype HLA-A1, -B8, -DR3, but the exact location of the susceptibility gene(s) is unknown. Some reports suggest that a susceptibility gene is encoded in the class II region, while others implicate the class III region. We exploited differences between(More)