Stefano Confalonieri

Learn More
Pathways that govern stem cell (SC) function are often subverted in cancer. Here, we report the isolation to near purity of human normal mammary SCs (hNMSCs), from cultured mammospheres, on the basis of their ability to retain the lipophilic dye PKH26 as a consequence of their quiescent nature. PKH26-positive cells possess all the characteristics of hNMSCs.(More)
EH is a recently identified protein-protein interaction domain found in the signal transducers Eps15 and Eps15R and several other proteins of yeast nematode. We show that EH domains from Eps15 and Eps15R bind in vitro to peptides containing an asparagine-proline-phenylalanine (NPF) motif. Direct screening of expression libraries with EH domains yielded a(More)
The TOCA family of F-BAR-containing proteins bind to and remodel lipid bilayers via their conserved F-BAR domains, and regulate actin dynamics via their N-Wasp binding SH3 domains. Thus, these proteins are predicted to play a pivotal role in coordinating membrane traffic with actin dynamics during cell migration and tissue morphogenesis. By combining(More)
A tight spatiotemporal coordination of the machineries controlling membrane bending and trafficking, and actin dynamics is crucial for the generation of cellular protrusions. Proteins that are simultaneously capable of regulating actin dynamics and sensing or inducing membrane curvature are predicted to have a prominent role. A prototypical example of this(More)
The interaction between ubiquitinated proteins and intracellular proteins harboring ubiquitin binding domains (UBDs) is critical to a multitude of cellular processes. Here, we report that Rabex-5, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rab5, binds to Ub through two independent UBDs. These UBDs determine a number of properties of Rabex-5, including its(More)
Many proteins contain ubiquitin-binding domains or motifs (UBDs), such as the UIM (ubiquitin-interacting motif) and are referred to as ubiquitin receptors. Ubiquitin receptors themselves are frequently monoubiquitinated by a process that requires the presence of a UBD and is referred to as coupled monoubiquitination. Using a UIM-containing protein, eps15,(More)
Actin capping and cross-linking proteins regulate the dynamics and architectures of different cellular protrusions. Eps8 is the founding member of a unique family of capping proteins capable of side-binding and bundling actin filaments. However, the structural basis through which Eps8 exerts these functions remains elusive. Here, we combined biochemical,(More)
New cancer therapies are likely to arise from an in-depth understanding of the signaling networks influencing tumor initiation, progression and metastasis. We show a fundamental role for Src-homology 2 domain-containing phosphatase 2 (SHP2) in these processes in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive and triple-negative breast cancers.(More)
Ubiquitination regulates important cellular processes, including the DNA damage response (DDR) and DNA repair. The complexity of the ubiquitin-mediated signals is decoded by ubiquitin receptors, which contain protein modules named ubiquitin binding domains (UBDs). We previously identified a new ubiquitin ligase, RNF168, involved in DDR and endowed with two(More)