Stefano Caramori

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Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were assembled by using the bougainvillea flowers, red turnip and the purple wild Sicilian prickly pear fruit juice extracts as natural sensitizers of TiO(2) films. The yellow orange indicaxanthin and the red purple betacyanins are the main components in the cocktail of natural dyes obtained from these natural products.(More)
A number of cobalt complexes of substituted polypyridine ligands were synthesized and investigated as possible alternatives to the volatile and corrosive iodide/triiodide redox couple commonly used as an electron-transfer mediator in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The extinction coefficients in the visible spectrum are on the order of 10(2) M(-1)(More)
New metal complexes of the type [M(H3tcterpy)LY]+ (where M = Os(II) or Ru(II), L = substituted or unsubstituted bipyridine or pyridylquinoline, and Y = Cl-, I-, or SCN-) have been designed, synthesized, and characterized in view of their application for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The Os dyes show a very broad absorption, and correspondingly, the(More)
The electrochemical and photoelectrochemical study of noncorrosive electron-transfer mediator mixtures for DSC is reported. These mixtures, characterized by the presence of kinetically fast organic or metal-organic redox couples in conjunction with a Co(II)/(III) relay, exhibited maximum photon-to-current conversion efficiencies (IPCE %) exceeding 80% when(More)
Indium tin oxide (ITO) surfaces of triple junction photovoltaic cells were functionalized with oxygen evolving catalysts (OECs) based on amorphous hydrous earth-abundant metal oxides (metal = Fe, Ni, Co), obtained by straightforward Successive Ionic Layer Adsorption and Reaction (SILAR) in an aqueous environment. Functionalization with Fe(iii) oxides gave(More)
The potentiostatic anodization of metallic tungsten has been investigated in different solvent/electrolyte compositions with the aim of improving the water oxidation ability of the tungsten oxide layer. In the NMF/H(2)O/NH(4)F solvent mixture, the anodization leads to highly efficient WO(3) photoanodes, which, combining spectral sensitivity, an(More)
Amorphous iron oxide nanoparticles were synthesized by pulsed-laser deposition (PLD) for functionalization of indium-tin oxide surfaces, resulting in electrodes capable of efficient catalysis in water oxidation. These electrodes, based on earth-abundant and nonhazardous iron metal, are able to sustain high current densities (up to 20 mA/cm2) at reasonably(More)
Anodically grown WO(3) photoelectrodes prepared in an N-methylformamide (NMF) electrolyte have been investigated with the aim of exploring the effects induced by anodization time and water concentration in the electrochemical bath on the properties of the resulting photoanodes. An n-type WO(3) semiconductor is one of the most promising photoanodes for(More)
Recent advances in the field of photoelectrochemical cells (PECs) applied to solar water and H₂S splitting and hydrogen production are reviewed with meaningful examples and case studies. At the molecular level, significant recent efforts have been directed towards the development of stable dye sensitizers/water oxidation catalyst assemblies. In the field of(More)
Hematite photoelectrodes prepared via a hydrothermal route are functionalized with a water oxidation catalyst consisting of amorphous Fe(III) oxide, obtained by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction. The performances of the catalyst-modified photoanodes are considerably higher than those of the parent electrodes, resulting in a nearly doubled(More)