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There is some evidence that the pathophysiology of schizophrenia is related to activation of the inflammatory response system (IRS), as indicated by increased serum concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-6 receptor (IL-6R), IL-1R antagonist (IL-1RA) and IL-2R and lower serum concentrations of CC16, an endogenous anti-inflammatory protein with(More)
OBJECTIVE Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is proposed for the treatment of drug-resistant depression. Studies performed in accordance with evidence-based medicine (EBM) are scarce, particularly in seeking optimal treatment and evaluation parameters. We aimed to test various types of rTMS in a large sample of depressed patients following(More)
Dysregulation of the inflammatory response system has been linked to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Abnormal levels of proinflammatory cytokines and their receptors have been found in peripheral blood and cerebrospinal fluid of schizophrenic patients, suggesting the presence of immune activation. Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) influences(More)
There is now evidence that schizophrenia may be accompanied by an activation of the monocytic and T-helper-2 (Th-2) arms of cell-mediated immunity (CMI) and by various alterations in the Th-1 arm of CMI. There is also evidence that repeated administration of typical and atypical antipsychotics may result in negative immunomodulatory effects. This study was(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are potent modulators of protein expression that play key roles in brain pathways regulating neurogenesis and synaptic plasticity. These small RNAs may be critical for the pathophysiology of mental disorders and may influence the effectiveness of psychotropic drugs. To investigate the possible involvement of miRNAs in the mechanism of(More)
Recently, it was shown that schizophrenia is accompanied by an activation of the inflammatory response system with signs of an acute phase response, such as increased plasma haptoglobin (Hp) concentrations. Hp is characterized by a molecular variation with three known phenotypes, i.e. Hp 1-1, Hp 2-1 and Hp 2-2. The aim of the present study was to examine Hp(More)
BACKGROUND The GRIN1 gene plays a fundamental role in many brain functions, and its involvement in the pathogenesis of the schizophrenia has been widely investigated. Non-synonymous polymorphisms have not been identified in the coding regions. To investigate the potential role of GRIN1 in the susceptibility to schizophrenia, we analyzed the G1001C(More)
A potential overlap between bipolar disorder (BD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) has been recently proposed. We aimed to assess similarities and differences of brain structural features in BD and BPD. Structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in 26 inpatients with BPD, 14 with BD, and 40 age-and sex-matched healthycontrols (HC).(More)
BACKGROUND Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a chronic condition with a strong impact on patients' affective, cognitive and social functioning. Neuroimaging techniques offer invaluable tools to understand the biological substrate of the disease. We aimed to investigate gray matter alterations over the whole cortex in a group of Borderline Personality(More)
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a painless and safe brain stimulation technique that has been found to be effective in treating depression symptoms. The potential usefulness of rTMS, in particular to treat drug resistant patients, might be increased by identifying genetic predictors of efficacy. According to this rationale, we(More)