Stefano Bignotti

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There is some evidence that the pathophysiology of schizophrenia is related to activation of the inflammatory response system (IRS), as indicated by increased serum concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-6 receptor (IL-6R), IL-1R antagonist (IL-1RA) and IL-2R and lower serum concentrations of CC16, an endogenous anti-inflammatory protein with(More)
BACKGROUND Depression has been associated with low brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) serum levels, while antidepressant drugs appear to mend this alteration. The purpose of this study was to assess BDNF serum levels in drug resistant depressed patients before and after repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) antidepressant treatment. (More)
BACKGROUND Schizophrenia is one of the most severe psychiatric disorders, with a worldwide incidence of 1%. Several reports show abnormal cytokine levels in psychotic patients and indicate a possible role of the immune response system in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Increased concentrations of interleukin 10 (IL-10) have been found in plasma of(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are potent modulators of protein expression that play key roles in brain pathways regulating neurogenesis and synaptic plasticity. These small RNAs may be critical for the pathophysiology of mental disorders and may influence the effectiveness of psychotropic drugs. To investigate the possible involvement of miRNAs in the mechanism of(More)
There is now evidence that schizophrenia may be accompanied by an activation of the monocytic and T-helper-2 (Th-2) arms of cell-mediated immunity (CMI) and by various alterations in the Th-1 arm of CMI. There is also evidence that repeated administration of typical and atypical antipsychotics may result in negative immunomodulatory effects. This study was(More)
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a painless and safe brain stimulation technique that has been found to be effective in treating depression symptoms. The potential usefulness of rTMS, in particular to treat drug resistant patients, might be increased by identifying genetic predictors of efficacy. According to this rationale, we(More)
BACKGROUND Anxiety disorders exhibit remarkably high rates of comorbidity with major depressive disorder (MDD). Mood and anxiety disorders are considered stress-related diseases. Genetic variations in the co-chaperone FK506-binding protein 51, FKBP5, which modulates the function of glucocorticoid receptors, have been associated with an increased risk for(More)
There is now some evidence that schizophrenia may be accompanied by an activation of the inflammatory response system (IRS) and that typical antipsychotics may suppress some signs of IRS activation in that illness. This study was carried out to examine (i) the serum concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-6 receptor (IL-6R), IL-1R antagonist (IL-1RA) and(More)
Schizophrenia is a severe psychiatric illness characterised by disturbance of thought, hallucination and delusions.(1) Several studies have suggested that dysfunctions in the glutamatergic transmission are linked to the pathogenesis of schizophrenia, and in particular an excessive activation of glutamate receptors seems to be related to the disruption of(More)
BACKGROUND The GRIN1 gene plays a fundamental role in many brain functions, and its involvement in the pathogenesis of the schizophrenia has been widely investigated. Non-synonymous polymorphisms have not been identified in the coding regions. To investigate the potential role of GRIN1 in the susceptibility to schizophrenia, we analyzed the G1001C(More)