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INTRODUCTION Critically ill surgical patients frequently develop intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) leading to abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) with subsequent high mortality. We compared two temporary abdominal closure systems (Bogota bag and vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) device) in intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) control. METHODS This prospective(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary vascular dysfunction has been described in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) is a well-established treatment for these patients. We hypothesized that severe pulmonary vascular dysfunction and cor pulmonale identified by echocardiography before cannulation(More)
Bedside use of Doppler echocardiography is being featured as a promising, clinically useful tool in assessing the pulmonary circulation in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The present review is aimed at summarizing the available evidence obtained with echocardiography on right ventricle (RV) function and pulmonary circulation in(More)
PURPOSE To assess the clinical significance of serial troponin I levels (measured in the first 72 hours from admission) in 42 consecutive patients with moderate-to-severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Echocardiography and electrocardiogram testings were serially performed in the time window. MATERIALS AND METHODS Troponin I was measured(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and prognostic role of echocardiographic abnormalities in consecutive patients with refractory acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) before veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO). METHODS In this study 74 consecutive patients with refractory ARDS underwent(More)
BACKGROUND Chest radiography has been reported to have low diagnostic accuracy in critically ill intensive care unit (ICU) patients, and chest computed tomography (CT) scans require patients to be transported out of the ICU, putting them at risk of adverse events. In this study we assessed the efficacy of routine bedside lung ultrasound (LUS) in the(More)
BACKGROUND Despite evidence demonstrating improved safety with ultrasound-guided placement of central venous catheters (CVC) in comparison with the use of anatomical landmarks, ultrasound guidance is still not routinely used by all physicians when obtaining central venous access. METHODS We report data pertaining to the placement of long-term CVCs in a(More)
BACKGROUND The use of lung ultrasound (LUS) in ICU is increasing but ultrasonographic patterns of lung are often difficult to quantify by different operators. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and quality of LUS reporting after the introduction of a standardized electronic recording sheet. METHODS Intensivists were trained for LUS(More)
BACKGROUND To describe the organization of an ECMO-centre from triage by telephone to the phase of inter-hospital transportation with ECMO of patients affected by H1N1-induced ARDS, describing techniques and equipment used. METHODS From September 2009 to January 2010, 18 patients with H1N1-induced ARDS were referred to our ECMO-centre from other(More)
We present the case of a healthy young male who developed acute respiratory failure as a result of infection with influenza A/H1N1 of swine-origin and in whom ventilatory support was optimised and recovery of lung function was monitored by the use of sequential chest ultrasound examinations. The potential pivotal role of bedside lung ultrasonography in(More)