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The tear film, lacrimal glands, corneal and conjunctival epithelia and Meibomian glands work together as a lacrimal functional unit (LFU) to preserve the integrity and function of the ocular surface. The integrity of this unit is necessary for the health and normal function of the eye and visual system. Nervous connections and systemic hormones are well(More)
The aim of our project was to test the hypothesis that patients with dry eye have a significant degree of inflammation and lymphocyte infiltration in conjunctival epithelium by using flow cytometry analysis of cells stored in cell culture medium. Impression cytology specimens were collected in 15 normal subjects and 15 dry eye patients. Samples collected(More)
U nderstanding the molecular composition (e.g., proteins and lipids) of the tear film (TF) and the contribution of the meibomian gland to the TF is critical in gaining knowledge about TF instabilities, dry eye syndromes, contact lens (CL) incompatibilities, and other eye diseases. Among its functions, the lipid layer of the TF slows evaporation of the(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy and anti-inflammatory activity of systemic linoleic (LA) and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), which decrease chronic inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis, on the ocular surface of patients with keratoconjunctivitis sicca. METHODS In a randomized clinical trial, 26 patients with aqueous-deficient keratoconjunctivitis sicca were(More)
PURPOSE To develop a controlled-environment chamber (CEC) for mice and verify the effects of a low-humidity setting on ocular surface signs in normal mice. METHODS Eight- to 12-week-old BALB/c mice were used in a controlled-environment chamber (CEC) where relative humidity (RH), temperature (T), and airflow (AF) are regulated and monitored. Mice were(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the efficacy of topical application of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and linoleic acid (LA) for dry eye treatment. METHODS Formulations containing ALA, LA, combined ALA and LA, or vehicle alone, were applied to dry eyes induced in mice. Corneal fluorescein staining and the number and maturation of corneal CD11b(+) cells were determined by(More)
In vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) findings of 84 patients who had undergone conventional epithelium-off corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) and accelerated CXL (ACXL) were retrospectively reviewed. Analysis confirmed that despite a significant decrease in the mean density of anterior keratocytes in the first 6 postoperative months, cell density after CXL(More)
PURPOSE Lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronic acid receptor (LYVE-1) is a newly discovered lymphatic-specific marker. To date, there is no report of its expression on conjunctival cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of LYVE-1 in normal conjunctiva, to phenotype LYVE-1+ cells, and to study changes in their expression levels(More)
PURPOSE Diagnostic procedures currently available to evaluate tear film lipid layer alterations are of limited application and do not provide quantitative results. The purpose of this prospective, case-control study was to develop a noninvasive test to measure tear lipid behavior in healthy subjects and patients with dry eye. METHODS The dynamic lipid(More)
PURPOSE To examine the expression of HLA-DR, a marker of inflammation, in the early stages of dry eye disease and to locate the appearance of this marker on specific areas of the bulbar conjunctiva. METHODS Dry eye patients were identified and their condition classified as mild (n = 16) or moderate (n = 16) based on Schirmer testing, vital staining, tear(More)