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Mammalian NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase (b5R) is an N-myristoylated protein that is dually targeted to ER and mitochondrial outer membranes. The N-linked myristate is not required for anchorage to membranes because a stretch of hydrophobic amino acids close to the NH2 terminus guarantees a tight interaction of the protein with the phospholipid bilayer.(More)
Resistance to antivirals is a complex and dynamic phenomenon that involves more mutations than are currently known. Here, we characterize 10 additional mutations (L74V, K101Q, I135M/T, V179I, H221Y, K223E/Q, and L228H/R) in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase which are involved in the regulation of resistance to nonnucleoside(More)
A negative association between polymorphism Leu-214 and type-1 thymidine analogue mutations (TAM1) and a positive association with a clinically favorable virological response to thymidine analogue-based combination antiretroviral therapy have been described. In this study, the impact of Leu-214 on replication capacity and resistance to zidovudine (ZDV) of(More)
OBJECTIVES The possibility of replacing raltegravir or elvitegravir with dolutegravir in heavily treatment-experienced patients failing on raltegravir/elvitegravir has been evaluated in VIKING trials. All studied patients failed by the most common pathways, Y143, Q148 and N155, and dolutegravir demonstrated efficacy except for Q148 viruses. The aim of this(More)
Two series of novel chromone derivatives were synthesized and investigated for their ability to inhibit the activity of monoamine oxidase. The SAR data indicate that chromone derivatives with substituents in position 3 of γ-pyrone nucleus act preferably as MAO-B inhibitors, with IC(50) values in the nanomolar to micromolar range. Almost all chromone(More)
Some differently substituted 3-aryl-4,5-dihydropyrazoles-1-carbothioamides have been synthesised with the aim to investigate their monoamine oxidase inhibitory activity. The chemical structures of the compounds have been characterized by means of their IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR spectroscopic data and elemental analyses. All the active compounds showed a(More)
In the present paper, we report on the synthesis and antinociceptive activity of a new series of N-methyl-arylpyrrolidinols that we designed for a rational structure-activity relationship (SAR) study. The antinociceptive properties were investigated in vivo by the hot plate and formalin tests in mice and control on the locomotory activity was also monitored(More)
In recent years relevant progress has been made in the treatment of HIV-1 with a consequent decrease in mortality. The availability of potent antiretroviral drugs and the ability of viral load assays that accurately evaluate the true level of viral replication, have led to a better understanding of pathogenesis of the disease and how to obtain improved(More)
The discovery of new chemical entities endowed with potent, selective, and reversible monoamine oxidase B inhibitory activity is a clinically relevant subject. Therefore, a small library of chromone derivatives was synthesized and screened toward human monoamine oxidase isoforms (hMAO-A and hMAO-B). The structure-activity relationships studies strengthen(More)
BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp41 is a crucial determinant for HIV-1 pathogenicity. We investigated the correlation of enfuvirtide (ENF)-associated gp41 mutational clusters with viroimmunological parameters, as well as the potential underlying mechanisms. METHODS A total of 172 gp41 sequences and clinical follow-up data from 73(More)