Stefano Alcaro

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Resistance to antivirals is a complex and dynamic phenomenon that involves more mutations than are currently known. Here, we characterize 10 additional mutations (L74V, K101Q, I135M/T, V179I, H221Y, K223E/Q, and L228H/R) in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase which are involved in the regulation of resistance to nonnucleoside(More)
The methanol extract from Hypericum hircinum leaves exhibited in vitro inhibition of monoamine oxidases (MAO). Bioassay-guided fractionation led to the isolation of quercetin and five compounds identified for the first time from H. hircinum. Quercetin was the only compound with a selective inhibitory activity against MAO-A, with an IC50 value of 0.010(More)
A large series of substituted chalcones have been synthesized and tested in vitro for their ability to inhibit human monoamine oxidases A and B (hMAO-A and hMAO-B). While all the compounds showed hMAO-B selective activity in the micro- and nanomolar ranges, the best results were obtained in the presence of chlorine and hydroxyl or methoxyl substituents. To(More)
BACKGROUND Because of the extreme genetic variability of hepatitis C virus (HCV), we analyzed whether specific HCV-genotypes are differently prone to develop resistance to linear and macrocyclic protease-inhibitors (PIs). METHODS The study includes 1568 NS3-protease sequences, isolated from PI-naive patients infected with HCV-genotypes 1a (N = 621), 1b (N(More)
MOTIVATION Automatic procedures to obtain pharmacophore models from experimentally determined macromolecular complexes can help in the drug discovery process, especially when protein-protein recognition plays an important biological role. RESULTS The GRID-based pharmacophore model (GBPM) is a fully objective method for defining most relevant interaction(More)
Mammalian NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase (b5R) is an N-myristoylated protein that is dually targeted to ER and mitochondrial outer membranes. The N-linked myristate is not required for anchorage to membranes because a stretch of hydrophobic amino acids close to the NH2 terminus guarantees a tight interaction of the protein with the phospholipid bilayer.(More)
BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp41 is a crucial determinant for HIV-1 pathogenicity. We investigated the correlation of enfuvirtide (ENF)-associated gp41 mutational clusters with viroimmunological parameters, as well as the potential underlying mechanisms. METHODS A total of 172 gp41 sequences and clinical follow-up data from 73(More)
In this study, we evaluated the activity of two novel pyrazolopyrimidine derivatives (Si 34 and Si 35) against ARO cells, a human anaplastic thyroid cancer cell line. ARO cells exposed to different concentrations of the drugs showed a reduced growth rate and an increase of mortality. After 72 h incubation, doses of 5 and 10 microM Si 34 determined a(More)
Oleuropein, the main phenolic compound in virgin olive oil, and several of its derivatives such as oleuropein aglycone, hydroxytyrosol, and their respective acetylated lipophilic forms were obtained by simple and environmentally friendly semisynthetic protocols. The same molecules were then tested in vitro and in vivo, comparing their intriguing anti-COX-1(More)
A novel series of N,N'-bis[2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran]-3-carboxamide derivatives have been synthesized and investigated for the ability to inhibit the activity of the A and B isoforms of monoamine oxidase (MAO). Some of the synthesized compounds show good selective inhibitory activity against the MAO-A isoform. Both the MAO-A and -B isoforms, deposited in the(More)