Learn More
Mammalian NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase (b5R) is an N-myristoylated protein that is dually targeted to ER and mitochondrial outer membranes. The N-linked myristate is not required for anchorage to membranes because a stretch of hydrophobic amino acids close to the NH2 terminus guarantees a tight interaction of the protein with the phospholipid bilayer.(More)
A negative association between polymorphism Leu-214 and type-1 thymidine analogue mutations (TAM1) and a positive association with a clinically favorable virological response to thymidine analogue-based combination antiretroviral therapy have been described. In this study, the impact of Leu-214 on replication capacity and resistance to zidovudine (ZDV) of(More)
OBJECTIVES The possibility of replacing raltegravir or elvitegravir with dolutegravir in heavily treatment-experienced patients failing on raltegravir/elvitegravir has been evaluated in VIKING trials. All studied patients failed by the most common pathways, Y143, Q148 and N155, and dolutegravir demonstrated efficacy except for Q148 viruses. The aim of this(More)
Some differently substituted 3-aryl-4,5-dihydropyrazoles-1-carbothioamides have been synthesised with the aim to investigate their monoamine oxidase inhibitory activity. The chemical structures of the compounds have been characterized by means of their IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR spectroscopic data and elemental analyses. All the active compounds showed a(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate genotypic resistance profiles to emtricitabine + tenofovir (FTC + TDF) in-vivo and in-vitro, and compare them with lamivudine + tenofovir (3TC + TDF). METHODS Three hundred fifty-two HIV-1 B-subtype pol sequences from 42 FTC + TDF-treated patients, 40 3TC + TDF-treated patients, and 270 patients treated with 3TC plus another(More)
Resistance to antivirals is a complex and dynamic phenomenon that involves more mutations than are currently known. Here, we characterize 10 additional mutations (L74V, K101Q, I135M/T, V179I, H221Y, K223E/Q, and L228H/R) in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase which are involved in the regulation of resistance to nonnucleoside(More)
In recent years relevant progress has been made in the treatment of HIV-1 with a consequent decrease in mortality. The availability of potent antiretroviral drugs and the ability of viral load assays that accurately evaluate the true level of viral replication, have led to a better understanding of pathogenesis of the disease and how to obtain improved(More)
Novel arylpiperazine derivatives bearing lipophilic probes were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their potential ability to interact with the 5-hydroxytryptamine(3) (5-HT(3)) receptor. Most of the new compounds show subnanomolar 5-HT(3) receptor affinity. Ester 6bc showing a picomolar K(i) value is one of the most potent 5-HT(3) receptor ligands so(More)
BACKGROUND Because of the extreme genetic variability of hepatitis C virus (HCV), we analyzed whether specific HCV-genotypes are differently prone to develop resistance to linear and macrocyclic protease-inhibitors (PIs). METHODS The study includes 1568 NS3-protease sequences, isolated from PI-naive patients infected with HCV-genotypes 1a (N = 621), 1b (N(More)
The current strategy to improve the quality of life of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infected individuals through suppressing viral replication and maintaining the virus at low to undetectable levels is based on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Protease inhibitors are essential components of most HAART protocols and are often used as the(More)