Stefanie Snyder

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Insight into the mechanisms of action of neurotrophic growth factors has been obtained through the identification and characterization of gene products that are regulated or modified at the transcriptional, translational, and/or posttranslational level in response to neurotrophin treatment. VGF (non-acronymic) was identified approximately 15 years ago as a(More)
The VGF gene encodes a neuronal secretory-peptide precursor that is rapidly induced by neurotrophic growth factors and by depolarization in vitro. VGF expression in the animal peaks during critical periods in the developing peripheral and central nervous systems. To gain insight into the possible functions and regulation of VGF in vivo, we have used in situ(More)
VGF is a developmentally regulated, secretory peptide precursor that is expressed by neurons and neuroendocrine cells and that has its transcription and secretion induced rapidly by neurotrophins and by depolarization. To gain insight into the possible functions and regulation of VGF in vivo, we have characterized the distribution of VGF mRNA in the(More)
The receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase (RPTP) zeta/beta and a major isoform, phosphacan, a chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan that contains the RPTP zeta/beta extracellular domain but not the transmembrane and intracellular phosphatase domains, are expressed abundantly in the nervous system, primarily by astroglia. Because of similarities in the expression(More)
VGF is a secretory peptide precursor that is expressed and processed by neuronal cells in a cell type-specific fashion. In addition, VGF transcription and secretion are rapidly and relatively selectively induced by neurotrophins and depolarization in vitro. To gain insight into the possible function(s) of VGF in the nervous system, we have carried out a(More)
This study compared antiretroviral activity among 6 "salvage" therapy regimens. The study was a prospective, randomized, 2x3 factorial, multicenter study of the AIDS Clinical Trials Group. The study enrolled 277 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients naive to nonnucleoside analogues who had taken indinavir >6 months. The patients had(More)
An LPS-stimulated, human monocyte cDNA library was screened for stimulation-specific clones. One clone (pcD-1214) contained a 1.9-kb pair insert that hybridized to a 2,000-nucleotide mRNA expressed by peripheral blood monocytes, the histiocytic lymphoma cell line U937, and umbilical cord endothelial cells. The 415-amino-acid precursor polypeptide predicted(More)
In order to identify potential regulatory elements of the human mid-sized (M) neurofilament (NF) gene we preformed DNase I footprinting, gel mobility shift assays and methylation interference studies with probes from the NF(M) immediate 5' flanking region. These studies identified multiple sites for DNA-binding proteins including four Sp1 sites, and single(More)
Metabolic activation and DNA binding of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), N-nitrosodimethylamine (DMN) and benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) were compared in human, rat and mouse hepatocytes and human pulmonary alveolar macrophages (PAM). The degree of carcinogen activation by hepatocytes and PAM was measured by cell-mediated mutagenesis assays in which co-cultivated Chinese(More)
Analysis of knockout mice suggests that the neurotropin-inducible secreted polypeptide VGF (non-acronymic) plays an important role in the regulation of energy balance. VGF is synthesized by neurons in the central and peripheral nervous systems (CNS, PNS), as well as in the adult pituitary, adrenal medulla, endocrine cells of the stomach and pancreatic beta(More)