Stefanie Oberle

Learn More
The use of aspirin in rheumatoid arthritis is limited since inhibition of the pro-inflammatory enzyme cyclooxygenase-2 occurs only at higher aspirin doses that are often associated with side effects such as gastric toxicity. Using a macrophage cell line (J774. 1A), the present study explores possible synergistic effects of aspirin and vitamin E on the(More)
A 24-h incubation with hydrogen peroxide (0.65 mM) markedly reduced viability of cultured endothelial cells. Preincubation with aspirin (3-30 microM) protected endothelial cells from hydrogen peroxide-induced toxicity and increased viability in a concentration-dependent fashion by up to 64% of control. A similar protection was observed with(More)
Aspirin is known to exert antioxidant effects by as yet unidentified mechanisms. In cultured endothelial cells derived from human umbilical vein, aspirin (30-300 microM) increased heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) protein levels in a concentration-dependent fashion up to fivefold over basal levels. HO-1 induction was accompanied by a marked increase in catalytic(More)
Aspirin has recently been shown to increase endothelial resistance to oxidative damage. However, the mechanism underlying aspirin-induced cytoprotection is still unknown. Using cultured cells, the present study investigates the effect of aspirin on the expression of ferritin, a cytoprotective protein that sequesters free cytosolic iron, the main catalyst of(More)
In porcine aortic endothelial cells, a 20-h incubation with hydrogen peroxide (0.5 mM) markedly reduced the number of viable cells. A 6-h preincubation with linsidomine (SIN-1, 0.5 mM) protected endothelial cells from hydrogen peroxide-dependent cytotoxicity and increased the surviving endothelial cell fraction by 85%. This protection was associated with a(More)
In macrophages, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is induced by cytokines, mitogens, or endotoxin. The present study investigates whether inhibitors of the nuclear transcription factor NF-kappa B affect lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated expression of COX-2 mRNA, protein, and activity in the macrophage cell line J774.1A. The activation of COX-2 was assessed by(More)
In cultured endothelial cells, incubation with TNF-alpha (50 ng/ml) for 48 h markedly reduced viability of endothelial cells. A 6 h preincubation with Sper/NO (0.03--1 microM) protected endothelial cells in a concentration-dependent manner and increased viability by 63% of control. The NO scavenger PTIO (30 microM) completely abolished cytoprotection by(More)
The organic nitrate pentaerythrityl tetranitrate (PETN) is known to exert long-term antioxidant and antiatherogenic effects by as yet unidentified mechanisms. In cultured endothelial cells derived from human umbilical vein, the active PETN metabolite PETriN (0.01-1 mM) increased heme oxygenase (HO)-1 mRNA and protein levels in a concentration-dependent(More)
The organic nitrate pentaerithrityl tetranitrate (PETN) is known to exert long-term antioxidant and antiatherogenic effects by as yet unidentified mechanisms. In porcine aortic endothelial cells, a 24 h incubation with PETN (1-100 microM) or its metabolite pentaerithrityl trinitrate (PETriN) increased levels of the antioxidant protein ferritin up to(More)
This study investigates whether nitric oxide (NO) release from linsidomine (SIN-1), the active metabolite of the antianginal drug molsidomine, is light sensitive. A 9-h irradiation with polychromatic visible light increased the formation of nitrite (NO index metabolite) from SIN-1 (1 mM) by 61% as compared to control samples incubated in the dark. Under the(More)