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We investigated the role of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) in a visuospatial delayed-response task in humans. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (20 Hz, 0.5 s) was used to interfere temporarily with cortical activity in the DLPFC and PPC during the delay period. Omnidirectional memory-guided(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) visualizes activated brain areas with a high spatial resolution. The activation signal is determined by the local change of cerebral blood oxygenation, blood volume and blood flow which serve as surrogate marker for the neuronal signal itself. Here, the complex coupling between these parameters and the(More)
Most functional brain imaging methods detect neuronal activations indirectly through the accompanying neurovascular response. Here, we demonstrate that a novel methodological approach, the combination of DC-magnetoencephalography (DC-MEG) and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), allows non-invasive assessment of the dynamics of neurovascular coupling in the(More)
Neuroimaging techniques, such as fMRI, PET and near-infrared spectroscopy, monitor task-related neuronal activations in the brain indirectly through the associated neurovascular/metabolic responses. To assess the primary neuronal activations directly, magnetoencephalography was combined here with a mechanical modulation of the head-to-sensor position and(More)
The temporal relation between vascular and neuronal responses of the brain to external stimuli is not precisely known. For a better understanding of the neuro-vascular coupling changes in cerebral blood volume and oxygenation have to be measured simultaneously with neuronal currents. With this motivation modulation dc-magnetoencephalography was combined(More)
In a pilot study, stroke patients with a lesion related to the motor system were studied using magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electromyography (EMG). The patients performed sustained finger movements for 30 s followed by 30 s of rest and 20 repetitions of this sequence in total. Task-related cortical signals derived from MEG were observed here at very(More)
Complex sleep apnoea (CompSA) may be observed following continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment. In a prospective study, 675 obstructive sleep apnoea patients (mean age 55.9 yrs; 13.9% female) participated. Full-night polysomnography was performed at diagnosis, during the first night with stable CPAP and after 3 months of CPAP. 12.2% (82 out of(More)
BACKGROUND Effective methods of secondary prevention after stroke or TIA are available but adherence to recommended evidence-based treatments is often poor. The study aimed to determine the quality of secondary prevention in usual care and to develop a stepwise modeled support program. METHODS Two consecutive cohorts of patients with acute minor stroke or(More)
Fever is associated with poor outcome in acute stroke. Forty-two consecutive, normothermic patients with acute ischemic stroke were, within 24 hours from symptom onset, randomized to either receive 4 g acetaminophen daily (n = 20) or matched placebo (n = 22). Fever of greater than 37.5 degrees C occurred in 36.4% of patients in the placebo group, compared(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Sustained mass depolarization of neurons, termed cortical spreading depolarization, is one electrophysiological correlate of the ischemic injury of neurons. Cortical spreading depolarizations spread in the gray matter at a rate of approximately 3 mm/min and are associated with large infraslow extracellular potential changes (<0.05(More)