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We investigated the role of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) in a visuospatial delayed-response task in humans. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (20 Hz, 0.5 s) was used to interfere temporarily with cortical activity in the DLPFC and PPC during the delay period. Omnidirectional memory-guided(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) visualizes activated brain areas with a high spatial resolution. The activation signal is determined by the local change of cerebral blood oxygenation, blood volume and blood flow which serve as surrogate marker for the neuronal signal itself. Here, the complex coupling between these parameters and the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Safety and efficacy concerns toward thrombolysis for ischemic stroke prevail among many neurologists because of the risks of hemorrhage and the small proportion of suitable patients. We therefore prospectively assessed feasibility, safety, efficacy, and team performance in a single center to prove whether thrombolytic treatment is(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with recent stroke or TIA are at high risk for new vascular events. Several evidence based strategies in secondary prevention of stroke are available but frequently underused. Support programs with multifactorial risk factor modifications after stroke or TIA have not been investigated in large-scale prospective controlled trials so far.(More)
Complex sleep apnoea (CompSA) may be observed following continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment. In a prospective study, 675 obstructive sleep apnoea patients (mean age 55.9 yrs; 13.9% female) participated. Full-night polysomnography was performed at diagnosis, during the first night with stable CPAP and after 3 months of CPAP. 12.2% (82 out of(More)
Most functional brain imaging methods detect neuronal activations indirectly through the accompanying neurovascular response. Here, we demonstrate that a novel methodological approach, the combination of DC-magnetoencephalography (DC-MEG) and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), allows non-invasive assessment of the dynamics of neurovascular coupling in the(More)
Internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) is a frequent etiology of stroke in the young. Immediate anticoagulation with unfractionated heparin is the most frequent treatment. A theoretical side effect of unfractionated heparin is an increase in the intramural hematoma resulting in hemodynamic cerebral infarction. We studied 20 patients with ICAD. All(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Infarct patterns on brain imaging contribute to the etiologic classification of ischemic stroke. However, the association of specific subtypes of infarcts and etiologic mechanisms is often weak, and acute lesions are frequently missed on initial computed tomography (CT). Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is superior in visualizing(More)
BACKGROUND Effective methods of secondary prevention after stroke or TIA are available but adherence to recommended evidence-based treatments is often poor. The study aimed to determine the quality of secondary prevention in usual care and to develop a stepwise modeled support program. METHODS Two consecutive cohorts of patients with acute minor stroke or(More)
In a pilot study, stroke patients with a lesion related to the motor system were studied using magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electromyography (EMG). The patients performed sustained finger movements for 30 s followed by 30 s of rest and 20 repetitions of this sequence in total. Task-related cortical signals derived from MEG were observed here at very(More)