Stefanie L Vogt

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The stringent response is a regulatory system that allows bacteria to sense and adapt to nutrient-poor environments. The central mediator of the stringent response is the molecule guanosine 3',5'-bispyrophosphate (ppGpp), which is synthesized by the enzymes RelA and SpoT and which is also degraded by SpoT. Our laboratory previously demonstrated that a relA(More)
To detect and effectively respond to damage to the cell envelope, Gram-negative bacteria possess multiple envelope stress responses. Among these, the CpxAR two-component system has been shown to sense the presence of misfolded periplasmic proteins and increase the production of envelope-localized protein folding and degrading factors in response. However,(More)
The Escherichia coli genome encodes approximately 30 two-component systems that are required for sensing and responding to a variety of environmental and physiological cues. Recent studies have revealed numerous regulatory connections between two-component systems and small noncoding RNAs (sRNAs), which posttranscriptionally regulate gene expression by base(More)
Gram-negative bacteria possess several envelope stress responses that detect and respond to damage to this critical cellular compartment. The σ(E) envelope stress response senses the misfolding of outer membrane proteins (OMPs), while the Cpx two-component system is believed to detect the misfolding of periplasmic and inner membrane proteins. Recent studies(More)
The Cpx envelope stress response is induced by the misfolding of periplasmic proteins and restores envelope homeostasis by upregulating several periplasmic protein folding and degrading factors. The Cpx response also regulates the expression of a variety of envelope-spanning protein complexes, including flagella, secretion systems and pili, which play an(More)
Type IV pili (T4P) are filamentous surface appendages required for tissue adherence, motility, aggregation, and transformation in a wide array of bacteria and archaea. The bundle-forming pilus (BFP) of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is a prototypical T4P and confirmed virulence factor. T4P fibers are assembled by a complex biogenesis machine that(More)
We describe methods for screening the E. coliASKA overexpression library for clones that lead to altered expression of reporter genes. First, a promoter of interest is cloned upstream of either the lacZor luxCDABEgenes to yield reporter genes in which transcription is proportional to the levels of β-galactosidase or luminescence produced by strains carrying(More)
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