Stefanie Krause

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Activation of hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels is facilitated in vivo by direct binding of the second messenger cAMP. This process plays a fundamental role in the fine-tuning of HCN channel activity and is critical for the modulation of cardiac and neuronal rhythmicity. Here, we identify the pyrimidine cyclic nucleotide(More)
Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-specific adenosine deaminase converts adenosine to inosine in dsRNA. The protein has been purified from calf thymus, and here we describe the cloning of cDNAs encoding both the human and rat proteins as well as a partial bovine clone. The human and rat clones are very similar at the amino acid level except at their N termini and(More)
Pre-mRNAs for brain-expressed ionotropic glutamate receptor subunits undergo RNA editing by site-specific adenosine deamination, which alters codons for molecular determinants of channel function. This nuclear process requires double-stranded RNA structures formed by exonic and intronic sequences in the pre-mRNA and is likely to be catalyzed by an adenosine(More)
In this paper, we present the development and application of current image processing techniques to perform MRI inter-subject comparison of knee cartilage thickness based on the registration of bone structures. Each point in the bone surface which is part of the bone-cartilage interface is assigned a cartilage thickness value. Cartilage and corresponding(More)
The neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and their cognate receptors, trkB and trkC, have a variety of physiological brain functions, ranging from cell survival to mechanisms involved in learning and memory and long-term potentiation (LTP). LTP can be induced in the cortex and hippocampus, as well as within the(More)
Paramyosin isolated from the adductor muscle of Mercenaria mercenaria was shown to contain three to five phosphate groups/molecule; the actual number varied depending on the method used to extract the protein. Dephosphorylation resulted in an increase in the solubility of paramyosin near pH 7 and near physiological ionic strength. This behavior suggests(More)
A common manifestation of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is the morphological degeneration of articular cartilage. In vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers the potential to visualize and analyze quantitatively morphology such as cartilage thickness and volume. The purpose of this work was the development of new image processing techniques and(More)
PURPOSE To compare the precision and accuracy of 3.0-T and 1.5-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the quantification of cartilage volume by using direct volumetric measurements as a reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS The local animal experimentation committee did not require its approval for this study. Porcine knees were obtained from an(More)
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