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Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) constitutes a selective inability to clear infection with the yeast Candida, resulting in persistent debilitating inflammation of skin, nails, and mucous membranes. The underlying defect is unknown. Only recently, IL-17-producing T cells have been reported to be involved in clearing Candida infections. In order to(More)
Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (Nod) proteins serve as intracellular pattern recognition molecules recognizing peptidoglycans. To further examine intracellular immune recognition, we used Listeria monocytogenes as an organism particularly amenable for studying innate immunity to intracellular pathogens. In contrast to wild-type L. monocytogenes,(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with atopic eczema (AE) regularly experience colonization with Staphylococcus aureus that is directly correlated with the severity of eczema. Recent studies show that an impaired IL-17 immune response results in diseases associated with chronic skin infections. OBJECTIVE We sought to elucidate the effect of IL-17 on antimicrobial(More)
Seroepidemiological and animal studies, as well as demonstration of viable bacteria in atherosclerotic plaques, have linked Chlamydophila pneumoniae infection to development of chronic vascular lesions and coronary heart disease. Inflammation and immune responses are dependent on host recognition of invading pathogens. The recently identified cytosolic Nod(More)
PURPOSE Markers for epileptic seizures are rare and their use has not been established in the evaluation of seizures and febrile convulsions (FC). Brain-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a natriuretic, diuretic, and vasodilator compound first discovered in the hypothalamus but mainly synthesized in the myocardium. The aim of this study was to assess whether(More)
A subgroup of patients with atopic eczema develops acute eczematous reactions to type I allergy-inducing agents such as pollen that clinically resemble type IV allergies induced by haptens like metal ions. To clarify the underlying immunologic mechanisms, this study was designed to map the inflammatory in situ topoproteome of eczematous responses to(More)
Patients suffering from chronic mucocutaneous infections with the yeast Candida albicans (CMC) are discussed to have an underlying primary cellular immunodeficiency. In order to characterise cellular immunity in CMC patients, we analysed chemotaxis and myeloperoxidase (MPO) releases of neutrophils and T cell proliferation and cytokine production to Candida(More)
Epithelial cells of both the respiratory tract and the skin form a tight barrier against environmental harm. They represent the site of first contact for airborne allergen carriers. Consequently, in this study, we analyzed the uptake of grass pollen allergens by epithelial cells: Phl p 1 was selected as a glycosylated allergen containing disulfide bridges(More)
Allergic contact dermatitis is a common disease caused by an exaggerated T cell-mediated immune response to skin-applied haptens. We show in this study that NK cells affect skin immune responses to haptens by releasing type 1 cytokines and inducing keratinocytes apoptosis. Immunohistochemical stainings demonstrated that NK lymphocytes constitute(More)
This paper is on the development of an effective method to hydrophobize wood surfaces of any kind with the help of gas discharges (plasma). Special gases are injected into a so-called dielectric barrier gas discharge creating thin water-proof layers. One special feature of the dielectric barrier discharge is that it works under atmospheric pressure(More)