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To investigate neglect, extinction, and body-perception in patients suffering from complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). So-called 'neglect-like' symptoms have been reported in CRPS, however no studies have yet analyzed this phenomenon which might substantiate the theory of the central nervous system involvement in the pathophysiology of CRPS. A total of(More)
We studied the excitability of the motor cortex using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in 12 patients with migraine with aura (MA) and nine patients with familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM). Motor thresholds at rest, the duration of the cortical and peripheral silent period and intracortical inhibition and facilitation using paired-pulse TMS at(More)
BACKGROUND Sensory abnormalities are a key feature of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS). In order to characterise these changes in patients suffering from acute or chronic CRPS I, we used Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) in comparison to an age and gender matched control group. METHODS 61 patients presenting with CRPS I of the upper extremity and 56(More)
Using PET with the opioidergic ligand [11C]diprenorphine, the authors demonstrate decreased tracer binding in the pineal gland of cluster headache patients vs healthy volunteers. Opioid receptor availability in the hypothalamus and cingulate cortex depended on the duration of the headache disorder. Therefore, the pathophysiology of cluster headache may(More)
The objective of this open single-centre study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of botulinum toxin type-A (BTX-A) as add-on in the prophylactic treatment of cluster headache (CH). Twelve male patients with episodic (n=3) or chronic (n=9) CH, unresponsive to common prophylactic medications, were treated with a cumulative dose of 50 International(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Postural headache most often occurs after lumbar puncture as post-lumbar puncture headache (PLPH) or, rarely, spontaneously as spontaneous intracranial hypotension headache (SIHH). In this prospective study, we used spinal MR imaging to determine the findings that would assist in the diagnosis of PLPH and SIHH and that would further(More)
OBJECTIVE The motor cortical representation in patients with complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS I) was determined under the assumption that the motor cortex undergoes representational adaptations in the course of CRPS. METHODS A total of 14 patients with CRPS I and a group of healthy subjects without any known neurological symptoms participated(More)
Oral administration of zolmitriptan, a novel 5-hydroxytriptamine receptor agonist, to eight healthy volunteers significantly reduced motor cortical excitability as tested by paired transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) at short interstimulus intervals. Zolmitriptan did not change motor thresholds to TMS or electromyographic silent period durations. We(More)
In a group of patients with short- and long-term (chronic) duration of complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS I) motor cortical representation was determined, using a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) mapping method. This was done, starting with suprathreshold intensities at the location of the largest MEP amplitude, mapping systematically in all(More)