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Anomalies in gonadal development in a mouse knockout model of Cited2 have been recently described. In Cited2(-/-) female gonads, an ectopic cell migration was observed and the female program of sex determination was transiently delayed. We hypothesize that, in humans, this temporary inhibition of genes should be sufficient to provoke a developmental(More)
Disorders of sex development (DSD) are congenital conditions in which the development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex is atypical. Many of the genes required for gonad development have been identified by analysis of DSD patients. However, the use of knockout and transgenic mouse strains have contributed enormously to the study of gonad gene(More)
Disorders of sex development (DSD) are congenital conditions in which chromosomal, gonadal, or phenotypic sex is atypical. Clinical management of DSD is often difficult and currently only 13% of patients receive an accurate clinical genetic diagnosis. To address this we have developed a massively parallel sequencing targeted DSD gene panel which allows us(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine the aetiological spectrum of disorders of sex development (DSD) in a large cohort of underprivileged and undiagnosed patients from Indonesia. METHODS A total of 286 patients with atypical external and/or internal genitalia were evaluated using clinical, hormonal, molecular genetic and histological(More)
DNA methylation at a gene promoter region has the potential to regulate gene transcription. Patterns of methylation over multiple CpG sites in a region are often complex and cell type specific, with the region showing multiple allelic patterns in a sample. This complexity is commonly obscured when DNA methylation data is summarised as an average percentage(More)
Sex-specific gonadal development starts with formation of the bipotential gonad, which then differentiates into either a mature testis or an ovary. This process is dependent on activation of either the testis-specific or the ovary-specific pathway while the opposite pathway is continuously repressed. A network of transcription factors tightly regulates(More)
Mapping DNaseI hypersensitive sites is commonly used to identify regulatory regions in the genome. However, currently available methods are either time consuming and laborious, expensive or require large numbers of cells. We aimed to develop a quick and straightforward method for the analysis of DNaseI hypersensitive sites that overcomes these problems. We(More)
Disorders of sex development (DSDs) encompass a broad spectrum of conditions affecting the development of the gonads and genitalia. The underlying causes for DSDs include gain or loss of function variants in genes responsible for gonad development or steroidogenesis. Most patients with DSD have an unknown genetic etiology and cannot be given an accurate(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the association between copy number variations (CNVs) and meiotic arrest and azoospermic men. DESIGN Genetic association study. SETTING University. PATIENT(S) Australian men: 19 with histologically confirmed meiotic arrest, 110 men with azoospermia in the absence of histologic data, and 97 fertile men (controls). INTERVENTION(S)(More)
DNaseI-hypersensitive sites within chromatin are indicative of genomic loci with regulatory function. Several techniques have been described for analyzing these regions, but are either laborious, offer low-throughput possibilities, or are expensive. We have developed a new approach based on a modified version of multiplex ligation-dependent probe(More)