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OBJECTIVE Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to addiction, and in the case of smoking, this often leads to long-lasting nicotine dependence. The authors investigated a possible neural mechanism underlying this vulnerability. METHOD Functional MRI was performed during reward anticipation in 43 adolescent smokers and 43 subjects matched on age, gender,(More)
In Alzheimer's dementia (AD) axonal disruption and cholinergic deficit lead to impaired cortical connectivity and to a decrease in EEG alpha coherence. The aim of the present study was to assess the usefulness of coherence parameters of the EEG for the diagnostics of AD. Quantitative EEG analyses were performed in 31 AD patients and 17 cognitively(More)
Although the vast majority of current pathogenetic theories support a neurobiological understanding of psychiatric disorders, the brain functional correlates of pedophilia are largely unknown. Based on prior behavior genetics research on human sexual orientation and phenomenology as well as the phenotypical intersection of pedophilia with other psychiatric(More)
OBJECTIVE Increased risk-taking behavior has been associated with addiction, a disorder also linked to abnormalities in reward processing. Specifically, an attenuated response of reward-related areas (e.g., the ventral striatum) to nondrug reward cues has been reported in addiction. One unanswered question is whether risk-taking preference is associated(More)
The main goal of the present fMRI-study was to identify the neural correlates underlying the successful encoding of words which can subsequently be freely recalled or recognized but not recalled. We were particularly interested in common as well as distinct neural substrates of both retrieval modes. To assess qualitatively differently activated brain areas,(More)
Previous studies have observed a sex-dependent lateralization of amygdala activation related to emotional memory. Specifically, it was shown that the activity of the right amygdala correlates significantly stronger with memory for images judged as arousing in men than in women, and that there is a significantly stronger relationship in women than in men(More)
BACKGROUND Functional imaging studies using emotional stimuli have suggested a role for the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) in the pathophysiology of midlife depression. In contrast, the neural correlates of late-life depression (LLD), a highly prevalent but under-recognized clinical entity in which age-related brain changes might influence disease(More)
OBJECTIVES To predict the treatment response to rivastigmine in patients with Alzheimer's dementia using neuropsychological and EEG data. METHODS A neuropsychological examination and a quantitative EEG study were done in 20 patients with Alzheimer's dementia before initiating treatment with rivastigmine. After one week of treatment a second EEG(More)
Life-span theories explain successful aging with an adaptive management of emotional experiences like regret. As opportunities to undo regrettable situations decline with age, a reduced engagement into these situations represents a potentially protective strategy to maintain well-being in older age. Yet, little is known about the underlying neurobiological(More)
BACKGROUND Behavioral studies consistently reported an increased preference for positive experiences in older adults. The socio-emotional selectivity theory explains this positivity effect with a motivated goal shift in emotion regulation, which probably depends on available cognitive resources. The present study investigates the neurobiological mechanism(More)