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OBJECTIVE Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to addiction, and in the case of smoking, this often leads to long-lasting nicotine dependence. The authors investigated a possible neural mechanism underlying this vulnerability. METHOD Functional MRI was performed during reward anticipation in 43 adolescent smokers and 43 subjects matched on age, gender,(More)
In Alzheimer's dementia (AD) axonal disruption and cholinergic deficit lead to impaired cortical connectivity and to a decrease in EEG alpha coherence. The aim of the present study was to assess the usefulness of coherence parameters of the EEG for the diagnostics of AD. Quantitative EEG analyses were performed in 31 AD patients and 17 cognitively(More)
The main goal of the present fMRI-study was to identify the neural correlates underlying the successful encoding of words which can subsequently be freely recalled or recognized but not recalled. We were particularly interested in common as well as distinct neural substrates of both retrieval modes. To assess qualitatively differently activated brain areas,(More)
Previous studies have observed a sex-dependent lateralization of amygdala activation related to emotional memory. Specifically, it was shown that the activity of the right amygdala correlates significantly stronger with memory for images judged as arousing in men than in women, and that there is a significantly stronger relationship in women than in men(More)
BACKGROUND Functional imaging studies using emotional stimuli have suggested a role for the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) in the pathophysiology of midlife depression. In contrast, the neural correlates of late-life depression (LLD), a highly prevalent but under-recognized clinical entity in which age-related brain changes might influence disease(More)
OBJECTIVE Increased risk-taking behavior has been associated with addiction, a disorder also linked to abnormalities in reward processing. Specifically, an attenuated response of reward-related areas (e.g., the ventral striatum) to nondrug reward cues has been reported in addiction. One unanswered question is whether risk-taking preference is associated(More)
The present study combined optimized voxel-based morphometry and diffusion tensor imaging to detect age-related brain changes. We compared grey matter density maps (grey matter voxel-based morphometry) and white matter fractional anisotropy maps (diffusion tensor imaging-voxel-based morphometry) between two groups of 17 younger and 17 older women. Older(More)
The effects of a 5-day treatment with rivastigmine on the resting EEG power spectrum were studied in 15 mildly to moderately ill Alzheimer patients. In these patients, beta power was positively correlated with cognitive performance and negatively correlated with functional impairment. Rivastigmine produced a decrease in delta and theta power with no effect(More)
BACKGROUND Behavioral studies consistently reported an increased preference for positive experiences in older adults. The socio-emotional selectivity theory explains this positivity effect with a motivated goal shift in emotion regulation, which probably depends on available cognitive resources. The present study investigates the neurobiological mechanism(More)
Life-span theories explain successful aging with an adaptive management of emotional experiences like regret. As opportunities to undo regrettable situations decline with age, a reduced engagement into these situations represents a potentially protective strategy to maintain well-being in older age. Yet, little is known about the underlying neurobiological(More)