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BACKGROUND In aging populations, the prevalence of multimorbidity is high, and the role of socioeconomic status and its correlates is not well described. Thus, we investigated the association between educational attainment and multimorbidity in a prospective cohort study, taking also into account intermediate factors that could explain such associations. (More)
BACKGROUND Social inequalities in cardiovascular diseases are well documented. Yet, the relation of social status inconsistency (having different ranks in two or more status indicators like education, occupational position or income) and medical conditions of heart or vessels is not clear. Status inconsistency (SI) is assumed to be stressful, and the(More)
Hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) are emerging as a promising marker of chronic psychosocial stress. However, limited information on relevant correlates of this biomarker in late pregnancy is available. In the Ulm SPATZ Health Study mothers were recruited between 04/2012 and 05/2013 shortly after delivery in the University Medical Center Ulm, Germany.(More)
BACKGROUND Comorbidity between childhood atopic eczema (AE) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been observed, but temporal relationships remain unclear. METHODS We analyzed data of a population-based, prospective birth cohort study among 770 children included at baseline in 2000/2001 with follow-up up to age 11. Information on age at(More)
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are innate immune cells characterized by their ability to suppress T-cell responses. Recently, we demonstrated that the human-pathogenic fungi Candida albicans and Aspergillus fumigatus induced a distinct subset of neutrophilic MDSCs. To dissect Candida-mediated MDSC induction in more depth, we studied the relative(More)
multiband modeling of quantum electron transport through layered semiconductor devices, catalyst activity of water-assisted growth of single walled carbon nanotube forest characterization by a statistical and macroscopic approach, ABSTRACT: A high-performance millimeter-wave feed, designed for a broad-band radiometry application is presented. The feed(More)
PURPOSE Occupational consequences of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are consistently found in epidemiological studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of various short-term rehabilitation outcome parameters on early retirement in Germany. METHOD In a prospective multi-centre cohort study of self-rated patient status, physician(More)
BACKGROUND Psychosocial stress during pregnancy including anxiety and depression is known to have adverse health effects on newborns. However, measuring these psychological constructs is complex with psychological, endocrinological, and physiological systems being affected. Hair cortisol concentrations (HCC), assumed to reflect long-term endocrine(More)
OBJECTIVES Our study was carried out to evaluate client satisfaction with substance abuse treatment before introducing a quality management (QM) program. METHODS Between October and November 2004 a complete sample of 247 substance abusers completed a self-administered questionnaire in seven counselling centres in Baden-Württemberg (Germany). Routine data(More)