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The objective of this document is to provide recommendations for genetic counseling and screening for consanguineous couples (related as second cousins or closer) and their offspring with the goals of1. providing preconception reproductive options2. improving pregnancy outcome and identifying reproductive choices3. reducing morbidity and mortality in the(More)
The construction of an accurate family pedigree is a fundamental component of a clinical genetic evaluation and of human genetic research. Previous surveys of genetic counselors and human genetic publications have demonstrated significant inconsistencies in the usage of common pedigree symbols representing situations such as pregnancy, termination of(More)
The construction of an accurate family pedigree is a fundamental component of a clinical genetic evaluation and of human genetic research. Previous surveys of genetic counselors and human genetic publications have demonstrated significant inconsistencies in the usage of common pedigree symbols representing situations such as pregnancy, termination of(More)
The objective of this document is to provide recommendations for genetic evaluation and counseling of couples with recurrent miscarriage (RM). The recommendations are the opinions of the multidisciplinary Inherited Pregnancy Loss Working Group (IPLWG), with expertise in genetic counseling, medical genetics, maternal fetal medicine, internal medicine,(More)
PURPOSE To confirm that cerebellar hypoplasia is ultrasonographically recognizable in second-trimester fetuses with Down syndrome and determine whether the combination of frontal lobe shortening and cerebellar hypoplasia is superior to either measurement alone as a marker of this abnormality. MATERIALS AND METHODS The frontothalamic distance (FTD) and(More)
BACKGROUND To identify quantitative MRI parameters associated with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and fast bound-pool fraction imaging (FBFI) that may detect alterations in gray matter and/or white matter in adults with Fabry disease, a lysosomal storage disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twelve healthy controls (mean age ± standard deviation: 48.0 ± 12.4(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether there is a relationship between the presence of an echogenic intracardiac focus in 2nd-trimester fetuses and trisomy 21 (Down syndrome). MATERIALS AND METHODS A complete genetic ultrasonographic (US) scan was obtained in 3,303 consecutive fetuses with an estimated gestational age of 14.0-24.0 weeks (mean +/- SD, 17.1 weeks +/-(More)
The local amine anesthetic tetracaine added to a suspension of guinea pig or human neutrophilic granulocytes inhibited their random migration in Boyden chambers, but increased their chemotactic migration towards the chemotactic tripeptide f-Met-Leu-Phe, complement-activated normal guinea pig serum, and the eosinophil chemotactic factor ECF. Tetracaine not(More)
Recombinant human tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and recombinant human lymphotoxin (LT) were analyzed for their effects on inflammation-related functions of human polymorphonuclear neutrophilic granulocytes (PMN) in vitro, TNF at a concentration of 10 U/ml (corresponding to 10(-11) mol/l) enhanced PMN adherence to nylon fibres. It strongly inhibited the(More)
Human mononuclear leucocytes isolated from the peripheral blood by centrifugation on Ficoll-Hypaque cushions and adherent on plastic petri dishes, produced a chemotactic factor that attracted human neutrophilic granulocytes to the same extent as did optimal concentrations of the complement split product C5a and the leukotriene B4. The active component(More)