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In addition to modulatory roles concerning bodily functions, sleep is assumed to play a main processing role with regard to newly acquired neural information. Elaboration of memory traces acquired during the waking period is assumed to require two sequential steps taking place during slow wave sleep (SWS) and eventually during paradoxical sleep (PS). This(More)
The Fos and Jun proteins are encoded by proto-oncogenes acting as immediate early genes in that they are rapidly induced by different kinds of stimuli in the nervous system. These two proteins bind to DNA regulating gene transcription, and thus determining the specificity of the neuronal response to the applied stimulation. We investigated whether the(More)
In previous work dealing with the identification of four sleep sequences (SS-->W, SS-->PS, SS-->TS-->W and SS-->TS-->PS) in the baseline session of adult male Wistar rats [Mandile P, Vescia S, Montagnese P, Romano F, Giuditta A. Characterization of transition sleep episodes in baseline EEG recordings of adults rats, Physiol Behav 1996;60:1435-1439], we have(More)
High resolution computerized EEG analyses, and behavioral observations were used to identify slow wave sleep (SS), paradoxical sleep (PS) and transition sleep (TS) in adult male Wistar rats exposed to a session of two-way active avoidance training. Of the four sleep sequences that could be identified, two included TS (SS-->TS-->W and SS-->TS-->PS), while(More)
The EEGs of 18 adult male Wistar rats were recorded during a baseline session lasting 7 h (day 1). The following day, rats were trained for a 2-way active avoidance task in an automated shuttle-box. A retention test was scheduled on the third day. On the basis of the number of avoidances scored during the training and retention sessions, rats were assigned(More)
Adult rats chronically implanted with supradural electrodes were telemetrically EEG recorded during a baseline session, a training session for a two-way active avoidance task, and a retention session. Rats were assigned to a fast learning (FL), slow learning (SL) and non learning (NL) group if they achieved criterion during the training session, the(More)
By scoring 5-s EEG epochs and calculating spectral power of consecutive EEG segments as short as 1-s, transition sleep (TS) episodes were identified in baseline recordings of adult rats. TS episodes were characterized by the abrupt appearance of theta and alpha waves within an ongoing period of slow-wave sleep (SS). They were followed by paradoxical sleep(More)
In previous studies based on high resolution EEG analyses of the 7 h baseline session of 18 adult male Wistar rats [6,14], we have identified four sleep sequences initiating with slow wave sleep (SS) and terminating with waking (W) or paradoxical sleep (PS). Two of these sequences contained an intervening episode of transition sleep (TS). Several variables(More)
To assess the role of posttrial synchronized sleep in the processing of a nonassociative task, adult male Sprague-Dawley rats with chronically implanted cortical electrodes for EEG recording were exposed to a Làt-maze, and horizontal (HA; corner crossing) and vertical (VA; rearings) activities were monitored during two 10-min test trials made at a 3-h(More)