Stefania Saoncella

Learn More
The syndecans make up a family of transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycans that act as coreceptors with integrins and growth factor tyrosine kinase receptors. Syndecan-4 is upregulated in skin dermis after wounding, and, in cultured fibroblasts adherent to the ECM protein fibronectin, this proteoglycan signals cooperatively with beta1 integrins. In this(More)
The assembly of focal adhesions and actin stress fibers by cells plated on fibronectin depends on adhesion-mediated signals involving both integrins and cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans. These two cell-surface receptors interact with different domains of fibronectin. To attempt to identify the heparan sulfate proteoglycans involved, we used(More)
Signaling pathways regulating the differentiation program of epidermal cells overlap widely with those activated during apoptosis. How differentiating cells remain protected from premature death, however, is still poorly defined. We show here that the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway is activated at early stages of mouse keratinocyte(More)
Syndecan-4 is a transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan that co-operates with integrins during cell-matrix interactions for the assembly of focal adhesions and actin stress fibers and in the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) on Tyr397. These cellular events are regulated by the small GTPase Rho, and in the absence of syndecan-4 ligation,(More)
The formation of focal adhesions and actin stress fibers on fibronectin is dependent on signaling through (&bgr;)1 integrins and the heparan sulfate proteoglycan syndecan-4, and we have analyzed the requirement of the glycosaminoglycan chains of syndecan-4 during these events. Chinese hamster ovary cells with mutations in key enzymes of the glycanation(More)
STAT3, a pleiotropic transcription factor acting downstream of cytokines and growth factors, is known to enhance proliferation, migration, invasion and aerobic glycolysis in tumors upon aberrant activation. In the murine epidermis, STAT3 is necessary for experimentally induced carcinogenesis. Skin tumorigenesis is conversely enhanced by overexpression in(More)
Syndecan-4 and integrins are the primary transmembrane receptors of focal adhesions in cells adherent to extracellular matrix molecules. Syndesmos is a cytoplasmic protein that interacts specifically with the cytoplasmic domain of syndecan-4, and it co-localizes with syndecan-4 in focal contacts. In the present study we sought possible interactors with(More)
Syndecan-4 is a cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycan which, in cooperation with integrins, transduces signals for the assembly of focal adhesions and actin stress fibers in cells plated on fibronectin. The regulation of these cellular events is proposed to occur, in part, through the interaction of the cytoplasmic domains of these transmembrane(More)
Signals downstream of Akt can either favor or oppose stem cell (SC) maintenance, but how this dual role can be achieved is still undefined. Using human limbal keratinocyte stem cells (LKSCs), a SC type used in transplantation therapies for corneal regeneration, we show that Akt signaling is prominent in SC populations both in vivo and in vitro, and that(More)
Studies examining the role of the cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycan syndecan-4 have yielded a plethora of information regarding its role in both cell-matrix and growth-factor mediated signaling events. Many of the initial conclusions drawn from such research placed syndecan-4 in a keystone position within various signaling pathways though the(More)