Stefania Ruiu

Learn More
New analogues (2a-p) of the previously reported CB(2) ligands 6-methyl- and 6-chloro-1-(2',4'-dichlorophenyl)-N-piperidin-1-yl-1,4-dihydroindeno[1,2-c]pyrazole-3-carboxamides (1a,b) have been synthesized and evaluated for cannabinoid receptor affinity. One example, 1-(2',4'-dichlorophenyl)-6-methyl-N-cyclohexyilamine-1,4-dihydroindeno[1,2-c](More)
Recently, the gastrointestinal pharmacology of cannabinoid CB(1) receptors has been extensively explored. We employed western blotting and immunohistochemistry techniques to study the distribution of the cannabinoid CB(1) receptor protein in the mouse gastroenteric tract. The cannabinoid CB(1) receptor peptide was detected by western blotting only in its(More)
Similarly to acute rat catalepsy, "early onset" vacuous chewing movements (VCMs) induced by subchronic treatment with antipsychotic have recently been proposed as a model of human extrapyramidal symptoms. In the present study, the propensities of haloperidol and risperidone in inducing rat "early onset" VCMs were compared using doses of the two(More)
Antipsychotic drug treatment increases neurotensin (NT) neurotransmission, and the exogenous administration of NT produces antipsychotic-like effects in rodents. In order to investigate whether "endogenous" NT may act as a natural occurring antipsychotic or may mediate antipsychotic drug activity, the effects of the selective NT receptor antagonists SR(More)
In the present work, we investigated if an impairment of dopaminergic neurons after subchronic haloperidol treatment might be a possible physiopathologic substrate of the "early onset" vacuous chewing movements (VCMs) in rats. For this purpose, different antipsychotics were used to analyse a possible relationship between VCMs development and morphological(More)
The effect of ritanserin on dopamine (DA) re-uptake and efflux was studied in rat frontal cortex synaptosomes. When compared to other 5HT2 receptor antagonists such as ketanserin and risperidone or DA D2 receptor antagonists such as haloperidol and raclopride, the effect of ritanserin proved to be more potent. Ritanserin blocked the DA transporter with a Ki(More)
Intoxication with the alcohol-aversive drug disulfiram (Antabuse) and related dithiocarbamates may provoke neuropathies and, in some cases, damage the basal ganglia. Rats received a single administration of disulfiram (7 and 500 mg kg-1 i.p.) and equimolar doses (4 and 290 mg kg-1 i.p.) of its metabolite diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC), roughly corresponding(More)
1. In the present study we provide evidence for a saturable, Mg2+/ATP- and temperature-dependent, tetrabenazine-, dopamine-, and amphetamine-sensitive uptake of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+) in synaptic vesicles from mouse striatum. 2. Similarity in the properties of the vesicular uptake suggests that in the striatum dopamine and MPP+ share the(More)
The effect of subchronic co-administration of ritanserin (1.5 mg/kg, i.p., twice a day) and haloperidol (1 mg/kg, i.p., twice a day) on rat vacuous chewing movements and on tyrosine hydroxylase-immunostaining was investigated. Ritanserin significantly reduced rat vacuous chewing movements observed following 2, 3 and 4 weeks of haloperidol administration and(More)
In the last few decades, substantial research has focused on the possibility of early detection and prevention of the first psychotic episode in young individuals at risk of developing this mental disturbance; however, unresolved clinical and ethical issues still call for further investigations. New perspectives and opportunities may come from the(More)