Stefania Raviolo

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OBJECTIVES Although candidaemia is a well-known complication of hospital stay and has a crude mortality of ∼40%, few data are available for episodes diagnosed within 10 days after hospital admission. In this paper, we compared the risk factors for mortality according to the onset of candidaemia. METHODS This was a retrospective study of hospitalized(More)
Blood-brain barrier damage (BBBD) is prevalent in HIV-positive patients and may enhance cell trafficking to the central nervous system. A retrospective analysis in adult HIV-positive patients with no central nervous system disease was conducted in order to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of BBBD (according to cerebrospinal fluid to plasma albumin(More)
In this paper we analyze three enteropathogenetic opportunistic infections represented by Candida spp., C. difficile and carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae. The common pathogenetic pathway is based on an alteration of the intestinal flora, now mainly referred as the human microbiome, with secondary opportunism for infections caused by Candida, C.(More)
Carbapenem resistance has evolved rapidly since 2001 and the distribution of Carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-Kp) is currently a public health concern worldwide. In the haematological setting, especially in allogenic transplant, CR-KP infections were associated with a mortality up to 65%. Aim of this report is to describe the management of(More)
The incidence of candidemia has increased over the past two decades, with an increased number of cases in Internal Medicine and a prevalence ranging from 24% to 57%. This single-center retrospective study was performed to evaluate the epidemiology and the risk factors associated with mortality of candidemia in patients admitted to Internal Medicine wards(More)
INTRODUCTION Febrile neutropenia (FN) represents a life-threatening complication in hematological malignancies. Its etiology is most often due to infections even though FN of other origins, such as tumor-related fever and non-infectious inflammation, should rapidly be ruled out. Initially, C-reactive protein and, more recently, procalcitonin (PCT) have been(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) central nervous system involvement is uncommon and hardly diagnosed because it can mimic many different conditions. We here present a case of an HIV-positive patient with neurological signs and symptoms (headache, asthenia, confusion, hallucinations, ataxia) with concurrent opportunistic diseases (neurotoxoplasmosis, disseminated(More)
The aim of the study was to describe the characteristics of cirrhotic patients with candidemia and intra-abdominal candidiasis (IAC) and to evaluate the risk factors associated with 30-day mortality. A multicenter multinational retrospective study including all consecutive episodes of candidemia and IAC in adult patients with liver cirrhosis in 14 European(More)