Stefania Piconi

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Despite optimal suppression of HIV replication, restoration of CD4(+) T cells is not always achieved in antiretroviral therapy-treated individuals. Defective CD4 recovery in immunologic nonresponders is possibly associated with TLR-mediated immune activation driven by alterations of gut permeability. Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) reduces endosomal TLR signaling;(More)
HIV-specific mucosal and cellular immunity was analyzed in heterosexual couples discordant for HIV status in serum and in HIV-unexposed controls. HIV-specific IgA but not IgG was present in urine and vaginal wash samples from HIV-exposed seronegative individuals (ESN), whereas both IgA and IgG were observed in their HIV-seropositive partners; antibodies(More)
BACKGROUND HIV infection in Africa is associated with immune activation and a cytokine profile that stimulates CCR5 expression. We investigated whether this immune activation is environmentally driven; if a dominant expression of CCR5 could indeed be detected in African individuals; and if R5 HIV strains would be prevalent in this population. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Persistently reduced CD4(+) T-lymphocyte counts in the face of undetectable HIV viremia are seen in a sizable percentage of HIV-infected patients undergoing antiretroviral therapy (ART). We analyzed the immune correlates of this phenomenon. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixty-seven HIV-infected patients with undetectable viremia (<50 copies/microl)(More)
Several cohort studies reported a relation of cardiovascular events and periodontal disease. In particular, Porphyromonas gingivalis is associated with the development of atherosclerotic plaques. We verified in a longitudinal study whether inflammation biomarkers, endothelial adhesion molecules, leukocyte activation markers, and intima-media thickness could(More)
HIV-1-specific IgA has been described in the genital tract and plasma of HIV-1 highly exposed, persistently seronegative (HEPS) individuals, and IgA from these sites has been shown to neutralize HIV-1. This study examines the ability of IgA isolated from HEPS individuals to inhibit transcytosis across a tight epithelial cell layer. A Transwell system was(More)
OBJECTIVE Immune activation induced by chronic infections, dietary limitations, and poor hygienic conditions is suggested to be present in African HIV infection and is at the basis of the hypothesis that HIV infection in Africa could be prevalently associated with immunopathogenetic mechanisms. Very limited data are nevertheless available supporting this(More)
OBJECTIVES HIV-infected patients have a greater burden of sub-clinical and clinical atherosclerotic disease compared to the general population. The primary objective of this study was to compare the relative roles of inflammation, endothelial alterations, and metabolic factors in the induction and maintenance of atherosclerosis in antiretroviral therapy(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-specific IgA can be detected in cervical secretions, saliva, and sera of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected individuals with a known exposure to the virus. IgA from HIV-uninfected exposed seronegative individuals (ESN) neutralize in vitro primary strains of HIV-1. We analyzed the epitopes of HIV recognized by serum(More)
BACKGROUND Despite multiple, repeated exposures to HIV-1, some individuals never seroconvert. Mucosal and systemic immune correlates of this condition have been analysed in HIV-1-exposed women but no data are available concerning mucosal immunity and HIV-1-specific immune responses in exposed but uninfected men. DESIGN We analysed cellular and humoral(More)