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1. The aim of this study was the pharmacological characterization of tachykinin NK1 and NK2 receptors mediating contraction in the circular muscle of the guinea-pig ileum and proximal colon. The action of substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA) and of the synthetic agonists [Sar9]SP sulphone, [Glp6,Pro9]SP(6-11) (septide) and [beta Ala8]NKA(4-10) was(More)
1. Various bradykinin derivatives, acting preferentially at B1 or B2 receptors, were tested in the isolated longitudinal smooth muscle of rat ileum. Experiments were carried out in the presence of chlorpheniramine and atropine (both 1 microM), guanethidine and indomethacin (both 3 microM) and of the peptidase inhibitors (captopril, bestatin and thiorphan,(More)
The contractile responses elicited by the selective kinin B1 and B2 receptor agonists [desArg9]-bradykinin ([desArg9]-BK) and [Hyp3, Tyr(Me)8]-bradykinin ([Hyp3, Tyr(Me)8]-BK) (1 nM-10 microM), respectively, were evaluated in control vs. inflamed (cyclophosphamide 150 mg kg-1 i.p., 48 h before the sacrifice) rat isolated urinary bladder strips. The(More)
The tachykinin NK3 receptor agonist, senktide, produces concentration-dependent contraction of the circular muscle of the guinea-pig ileum (EC50 2.59 nM). In the presence of the blocker of neuronal type of voltage-sensitive calcium channels, omega-conotoxin (0.1 microM), the contractile response to a low concentration of senktide was converted to an(More)
The ability of the selective tachykinin NK1 and NK2 receptor agonists, [Sar9] substance P (SP) sulfone and [beta Ala8] neurokinin A (NKA), respectively, and neurokinin B (NKB) to stimulate urinary bladder contractions was determined in urethane-anaesthetized rats with intact bladder innervation and in animals with acute, bilateral ablation of pelvic(More)
Prostanoids, generated from cyclooxygenase (COX) isoenzymes, play a role in the physiological function of the lower urinary tract and are important mediators of inflammatory hyperalgesia. The present work evaluates the effects of the COX-1/COX-2 inhibitor dexketoprofen as well as of a selective COX-2 inhibitor, NS-398, on urodynamic function following(More)
The guinea-pig ureter was placed in a three-compartment organ bath to enable the application of electrical stimuli or drugs to its renal end (R site), the middle region (M-site) or the bladder end (B-site) while recording mechanical activity at the R- and B-sites. All experiments were performed in ureters pre-exposed to capsaicin (10 μM for 15 min) to(More)
The pharmacological characterization of the novel nonpeptide antagonist for the B2 receptor, namely MEN16132 (4-(S)-Amino-5-(4-{4-[2,4-dichloro-3-(2,4-dimethyl-8-quinolyloxymethyl)phenylsulfonamido]-tetrahydro-2H-4-pyranylcarbonyl}piperazino)-5-oxopentyl](trimethyl)ammonium chloride hydrochloride) is presented. The affinity of MEN16132 for the bradykinin B2(More)
Kinins are a family of small peptides acting as mediators of inflammation and pain in the peripheral and central nervous system. The two main 'kinins' in mammals are the nonapeptide bradykinin (BK, Arg1-Pro2-Pro3-Gly4-Phe5-Ser6-Pro7-Phe8-Arg9) and the decapeptide kallidin (KD, [Lys0]-BK, Lys1-Arg2-Pro3-Pro4-Gly5-Phe6-Ser7-Pro8-Phe9- Arg10). Their biological(More)
1. The effects of the (S)- and (R)-enantiomers of the cyclo-oxygenase (COX) inhibitor, ketoprofen, have been investigated on the spontaneous activity of the guinea-pig isolated renal pelvis and on electrical field stimulation-(EFS) induced contractions of the guinea-pig ureter in comparison with the effects of the achiral COX inhibitor, indomethacin. 2.(More)