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The rat urinary bladder is one of the few in vivo preparations in which kinin B1 receptor-mediated contractile responses have been described, but the nature (local or reflex) of these responses has not been characterized. We have investigated the motor effects of i.v. or topical (onto the bladder serosa) administration of the selective kinin B1 receptor(More)
1. In the presence of atropine (1 microM) and guanethidine (3 microM), electrical field stimulation (EFS) of the rat isolated urinary bladder for 30 s induced a frequency-dependent (1-30 Hz) nonadrenergic non-cholinergic (NANC) triphasic contraction characterized by a peak response (within 10 s from onset of stimulation), a late response (determined as the(More)
The effects of synthetic tachykinin receptor agonists on mucus secretion by ferret trachea was determined in vitro in Ussing chambers using 35SO4 as a mucus marker and the synthetic peptides [Sar9,Met(O2)11]substance P (SarSP), [beta Ala8]neurokinin A-(4-10) and [MePhe7] neurokinin B which are selective for NK1, NK2 and NK3 tachykinin-receptors(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine in intact and inflamed knee joints of the rat, the effect of the bradykinin (BK) B2 receptor antagonist fasitibant (MEN16132) on nociceptor mechanosensitivity and hyperalgesia. METHODS Joint afferent sensory fibers of the medial articular nerve of anesthetized animals were electrophysiologically recorded,(More)
The application of nociceptin (5-50 nmol/rat) onto the serosa in the urinary bladder of urethane-anaesthetized rats, with the intravesical volume kept below threshold for activation of the micturition reflex, induced a low amplitude tonic contraction (local, i.e., resistant to ganglionectomy) with high amplitude phasic contractions (reflex, i.e., abolished(More)
Substance P (SP) and neurokinin A (NKA) are synthesized by enteric cholinergic motorneurons that project to the longitudinal and circular muscle of the mammalian intestine. Thus, acetylcholine, SP, and NKA are the excitatory neuromuscular transmitters in the intestine. Tachykinin NK1 and NK2 receptors are expressed by smooth muscle cells in most regions of(More)
BACKGROUND Bradykinin (BK) induces angiogenesis by promoting vessel permeability, growth and remodeling. This study aimed to demonstrate that the B2R antagonist, fasitibant, inhibits the BK pro-angiogenic effects. METHODOLOGY We assesed the ability of fasibitant to antagonize the BK stimulation of cultured human cells (HUVEC) and circulating(More)
This study investigates the effect of the selective and potent B2 receptor antagonist fasitibant (MEN16132) on the proinflammatory effect of bradykinin (BK) and its interaction with interleukin 1β (IL-1β) in human synoviocytes. PGE2 content was detected in the surnatants and COX-2 and COX-1 gene and protein expression determined in the cells. Radioligand(More)
The tachykinin NK3 receptor agonist, senktide, produces concentration-dependent contraction of the circular muscle of the guinea-pig ileum (EC50 2.59 nM). In the presence of the blocker of neuronal type of voltage-sensitive calcium channels, omega-conotoxin (0.1 microM), the contractile response to a low concentration of senktide was converted to an(More)