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In this study, we demonstrate the involvement of DNAM-1-triggering receptor and its ligands, poliovirus receptor (PVR) and Nectin-2, in natural killer (NK) cell-mediated lysis of dendritic cells (DCs). The surface expression of both ligands was up-regulated in DCs as compared to monocytes. It reached maximal densities after DC maturation induced by(More)
Interleukin-2 (IL-2)-activated polyclonal or clonal NK cells lysed autologous antigen presenting cells (APC) through the engagement of the natural cytotoxicity receptors (NCR) NKp30 and NKp46. NK cell-mediated cytolysis of APC correlated with the surface density of these NCR. Indeed, NK cell clones bearing low amounts of NKp30 and NKp46 did not lyse(More)
Human natural killer (NK) cells express a series of activating receptors and coreceptors that are involved in recognition and killing of target cells. In this study, in an attempt to identify the cellular ligands for such triggering surface molecules, mice were immunized with NK-susceptible target cells. On the basis of a functional screening, four mAbs(More)
NKG2D, together with NKp46 and NKp30, represents a major triggering receptor involved in the induction of cytotoxicity by both resting and activated human natural killer cells. In this study, we analyzed the expression and the functional relevance of MHC class I-related chain A (MICA) and UL16 binding protein (ULBP), the major cellular ligands for human(More)
NKG2D is a recently described activating receptor expressed by both NK cells and CTL. In this study we investigated the role of NKG2D in the natural cytolysis mediated by NK cell clones. The role of NKG2D varied depending on the type of target cells analyzed. Lysis of various tumors appeared to be exclusively natural cytotoxicity receptors (NCR) dependent.(More)
Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) is a life-threatening disorder of immune regulation caused by defects in lymphocyte cytotoxicity. Rapid differentiation of primary, genetic forms from secondary forms of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is crucial for treatment decisions. We prospectively evaluated the performance of degranulation(More)
Mutations in the perforin gene have been found in patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), a rare autosomal recessive disease. We describe a patient expressing perforin with amino acid changes A91V and W374X. The ability of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and natural killer (NK) cells to lyse target cells is greatly reduced. Here we(More)
We analyzed 21 children with leukemia receiving haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) from killer immunoglobulin (Ig)-like receptors (KIR) ligand-mismatched donors. We showed that, in most transplantation patients, variable proportions of donor-derived alloreactive natural killer (NK) cells displaying anti-leukemia activity(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells from patients with familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis because of PRF1 (FHL2, n = 5) or MUNC13-4 (FHL3, n = 8) mutations were cultured in IL-2 prior to their use in various functional assays. Here, we report on the surface CD107a expression as a novel rapid tool for identification of patients with Munc13-4 defect. On target(More)
The capability of NK lymphocytes to kill tumor cells depends on different receptors/ligands interactions. In order to identify the cellular ligands recognized by "orphan" triggering receptors, mice were immunized with NK susceptible target cells. mAbs were selected that inhibited NK cytotoxicity and recognized two different molecules of 70 and 60-65 kDa.(More)