Stefania Loffredo

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Angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis are distinct and complex processes requiring a finely tuned balance between stimulatory and inhibitory signals. Immune and inflammatory cells can contribute to these processes by multiple mechanisms: directly by producing a broad array of angiogenic growth factors, and indirectly by secreting several cytokines, chemokines(More)
Benzene is a carcinogenic compound used in industrial manufacturing and a common environmental pollutant mostly derived from vehicle emissions and cigarette smoke. Benzene exposure is associated with a variety of clinical conditions ranging from hematologic diseases to chronic lung disorders. Beside its direct toxicity, benzene exerts multiple effects after(More)
The Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) is a membrane transporter that can switch Na(+) and Ca(2+) in either direction to maintain the homeostasis of intracellular Ca(2+). Three isoforms (NCX1, NCX2, and NCX3) have been characterized in excitable cells, e.g. neurons and muscle cells. We examined the expression of these NCX isoforms in primary human lung(More)
BACKGROUND Histamine modulates several functions in human monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. However, responses elicited by histamine differ depending on cell type, suggesting variable expression of histamine receptors in the monocyte/macrophage lineage. OBJECTIVE We sought to examine whether the expression of H(1) receptors was regulated by(More)
Secretory phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)) are an emerging class of mediators of inflammation. These enzymes accumulate in plasma and other biological fluids of patients with inflammatory, autoimmune and allergic diseases. sPLA(2)s are secreted at low levels in the normal airways and tend to increase during inflammatory lung diseases (e.g. bronchial asthma,(More)
Angiogenesis, namely, the growth of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones, is an essential process of embryonic development and post-natal growth. In adult life, it may occur in physiological conditions (menstrual cycle and wound healing), during inflammatory disorders (autoimmune diseases and allergic disorders) and in tumor growth. The angiogenic(More)
Angiogenesis, the growth of new blood vessels from pre-existing vessels, occurs physiologically in wound healing, during inflammatory diseases, and in tumor growth. Lymphangiogenesis can be activated in inflammation and tumor metastasis. The family of vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) and angiopoietins are essential for angiogenesis and(More)
BACKGROUND Mastocytosis is characterized by clonal proliferation of mast cells limited to the skin (cutaneous mastocytosis: CM and mastocytosis in the skin: MIS) and/or involving internal organs (systemic mastocytosis: SM). Oxidative stress occurring in various inflammatory and neoplastic disorders causes molecular damage with the production of advanced(More)
Secretory phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)) are enzymes released during inflammatory reactions. These molecules activate immune cells by mechanisms either related or unrelated to their enzymatic activity. We examined the signaling events activated by group IA (GIA) and group IB (GIB) sPLA(2) in human lung macrophages leading to cytokine/chemokine production.(More)
Angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis mediated by vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) are main features of chronic inflammation and tumors. Secreted phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)s) are overexpressed in inflammatory lung diseases and cancer and they activate inflammatory cells by enzymatic and receptor-mediated mechanisms. We investigated the effect of(More)