Stefania Giuliano

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Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disorder worldwide. Its prevalence ranges 10-24% in the general population, reaching 60-95% and 28-55% in obese and diabetic patients, respectively. Although the etiology of NAFLD is still unclear, several lines of evidences have indicated a pathogenetic role of insulin resistance in this(More)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disorder worldwide. Several lines of evidence have indicated a pathogenic role of insulin resistance, and a strong association with type 2 diabetes (T2MD) and metabolic syndrome. Importantly, NAFLD appears to enhance the risk for T2MD, as well as worsen glycemic control and cardiovascular(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have addressed the clinical evolution of autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) occurring in childhood and scant data are available on the role of thyroid ultrasonography. We aimed to evaluate the natural history of AIT diagnosed in children and adolescents and to assess the possible prognostic role of ultrasonography. METHODS Retrospective(More)
BACKGROUND The study evaluates the circadian rhythm of melatonin in relation to sex and age and identified contemporary alterations in the secreton of some hypophyseal hormones, suggesting that melatonin may exert a modulatory action on the latter. METHODS The melatonin metabolite (6-hydroxymelatonin sulfate) was assayed in urine samples from 48 subjects(More)
Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy. Although the majority of thyroid cancers are well differentiated and have a favorable prognosis, a minor proportion are poorly differentiated malignancies, which show an aggressive behavior and are refractory to conventional cancer treatments. The molecular mechanisms underlying thyroid development and(More)
Necrotising histiocytic lymphadenitis or Kikuchi-Fujimoto's disease is a rare benign disease characterised by cervical necrotising lymphadenopathy, high temperature, asthenia with complete restitutio ad integrum of the lymphnodal stations affected. A female patient A.B., aged 36, reached our clinic at the Medical Physiopathology Department of Rome's Umberto(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was evaluate the short and long-term effects of growth hormone therapy in subjects affected by Trisomy 21. METHODS The growth curves of 10 Down's syndrome patients (3 males and 7 females) aged between 21 and 35 years old were analysed. During pre- or peripuberty these subjects had received growth hormone (GH) therapy(More)
PURPOSE Traumatic brain injury is considered the main cause of hypopituitarism in adults, and GH deficiency appears to be the most frequent pituitary deficit. Most of the available studies have included all degrees of severity of trauma. We aimed to assess pituitary function and GH deficiency in adult patients at different time lengths after complicated(More)
It is now widely accepted that insulin resistance and compensatory hyperinsulinemia are associated to increased cancer incidence and mortality. Moreover, cancer development and progression as well as cancer resistance to traditional anticancer therapies are often linked to a deregulation/overactivation of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis, which(More)
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